[Date Index]
[Thread Index]
[Author Index]
DSolve bug: wrong explicit solutions
*To*: MATHGROUP at yoda.physics.unc.edu
*Subject*: DSolve bug: wrong explicit solutions
*From*: <Constantin.Kahn at cdc2.c.mathematik.uni-hannover.dbp.de>
*Date*: 15 Feb 92 15:16
Hi,
the following Mma session (Mma 2.0.3 for Macintosh) demonstrates a pretty
serious bug in Mma's DSolve command which causes it to return a wrong
explicit solution for a simple system of two first order differential
equations involving only trigonometric functions. So always check those
results! (There is also a problem with Simplify which does not do quite the
expected thing...)
For your information: This system of differential equations arises in
differential geometry if you try to compute the parallel transport of a
tangent vector along the central curve in a Moebius strip (which is embedded
into 3-dim'l affine space such that its boundary lies on a torus and forms a
torus knot of type (2,1); obvious parametrization).
This bug has been reported to bugs at wri.com.
Regards,
Constantin Kahn, Inst. f. Mathematik, Univ. Hannover, Germany
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(* Mathematica session follows. Output cells are shown indented. *)
$Version
"Macintosh 2.0 (September 3, 1991)"
solution =
DSolve[ { a'[t] - Cos[t] b[t] == 0,
b'[t] + Cos[t] a[t] == 0,
a[0] == 0, b[0] == 1 },
{ a[t], b[t] }, t ]
{{a[t] -> I/2*E^(-I*t*Cos[t]) - I/2*E^(I*t*Cos[t]),
b[t] -> E^(-I*t*Cos[t])/2 + E^(I*t*Cos[t])/2}}
(* This is not a solution! (See below.) Mathematica's Simplify command
also isn't very smart in this case: *)
Simplify[ solution ]
{{a[t] -> I/2*E^(-I*t*Cos[t]) - I/2*E^(I*t*Cos[t]),
b[t] -> E^(-I*t*Cos[t])/2 + E^(I*t*Cos[t])/2}}
A[t_] := Sin[t Cos[t]];
B[t_] := Cos[t Cos[t]];
Simplify[ { A[t] - (a[t]/.solution),
B[t] - (b[t]/.solution) } ]
{{0}, {0}}
(* So A[t] and B[t] are what the functions obtained as solutions
really are. Let's see whether they actually solve the differential
equations. *)
errorA = D[A[t],t] - Cos[t] B[t];
errorB = D[B[t],t] + Cos[t] A[t];
Simplify[ { errorA, errorB } ]
{-(t*(Sin[2*t*Cos[t/2]^2] + Sin[2*t*Sin[t/2]^2]))/2,
(t*(-Cos[2*t*Cos[t/2]^2] + Cos[2*t*Sin[t/2]^2]))/2}
Plot[ errorA, {t,0,2Pi} ];
Plot[ errorB, {t,0,2Pi} ];
(* end of Mathematica session transcript *)
Prev by Date:
**joining mathgroup**
Next by Date:
**Mathematica Postscript and TIFF**
Previous by thread:
**joining mathgroup**
Next by thread:
**Mathematica Postscript and TIFF**
| |