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MathGroup Archive 1999

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Re: Discrete Convolution

  • To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
  • Subject: [mg18982] Re: Discrete Convolution
  • From: "Allan Hayes" <hay at haystack.demon.co.uk>
  • Date: Tue, 3 Aug 1999 13:44:31 -0400
  • References: <7nrddv$i60@smc.vnet.net>
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

Alister:
The new Version 4.x functions, ListConvolve and ListCorrelate look like
meeting your needs.
For example

ListConvolve[{a0, a1, a2}, {b0, b1, b2}, {1, 3}, 0]

{a0 b0, a1 b0 + a0 b1, a2 b0 + a1 b1 + a0 b2, a2 b1 + a1 b2, a2 b2}


There is a lot more to these functions - the full HelpBrowser information
needs to be consulted, but here is the shorter informatiion:

?ListConvolve

"ListConvolve[ker, list] forms the convolution of the kernel ker with list.
\
ListConvolve[ker, list, k] forms the cyclic convolution in which the kth \
element of ker is aligned with each element in list. ListConvolve[ker, list,
\
{kL, kR}] forms the cyclic convolution whose first element contains
list[[1]] \
ker[[kL]] and whose last element contains list[[-1]] ker[[kR]]. \
ListConvolve[ker, list, klist, p] forms the convolution in which list is \
padded at each end with repetitions of the element p. ListConvolve[ker,
list, \
klist, {p1, p2, ... }] forms the convolution in which list is padded at each
\
end with cyclic repetitions of the pi. ListConvolve[ker, list, klist, \
padding, g, h] forms a generalized convolution in which g is used in place
of \
Times and h in place of Plus. ListConvolve[ker, list, klist, padding, g, h,
\
lev] forms a convolution using elements at level lev in ker and list."

Allan
---------------------
Allan Hayes
Mathematica Training and Consulting
Leicester UK
www.haystack.demon.co.uk
hay at haystack.demon.co.uk
Voice: +44 (0)116 271 4198
Fax: +44 (0)870 164 0565




Alister McAlister <alisterq at psy.uwa.edu.au> wrote in message
news:7nrddv$i60 at smc.vnet.net...
> I want a function that mimics Matlab's "conv" function for doing a
discrete
> convolution of two lists.
>
>  CONV Convolution and polynomial multiplication.
>     C = CONV(A, B) convolves vectors A and B.  The resulting
>     vector is length LENGTH(A)+LENGTH(B)-1.
>     If A and B are vectors of polynomial coefficients, convolving
>     them is equivalent to multiplying the two polynomials.
>
>
> I wrote the following, but is there a way of either of
> (1) speeding up the code by changing the algorithm ...
>       ignoring simple things like the multiple evaluations
>       of Length and so forth which I have left
>       in only for what I hope is clarity; or
> (2) Using a built in function (possibly connected with polynomials) to do
> the same thing?
>
> Mark R Diamond
> No spam email: markd at psy dot uwa dot edu dot au
> --------------------------------------------------------
>
> convolve[a_List,b_List]:=Module[
>   {
>        (* reverse one of the lists prior to the convolution *)
>        ra=Reverse[a],
>
>        (* A variable that collects the indices of lists ra and b,
> respectively *)
>        (* that will be Dot[ ]-ed together. *)
>        indices
>   },
>
>   (* Create the table of indices *)
>   indices=Table[
>    {
>     {
>       Max[Length[a]+1-i,1],
>       Min[Length[a],Length[a]+Length[b]-i]
>     },
>      {
>       Max[1,i-Length[a]+1],Min[Length[b],i]
>      }
>    },
>    {i,Length[a]+Length[b]-1}
>   ];
>
>   (* Create a list of the appropriate pairs of dot products *)
>    Map[(Take[ra,#[[1]] ].Take[ b,#[[2]] ])&, indices]
>  ]  /;  (VectorQ[a,NumberQ]\[And]VectorQ[b,NumberQ])
>
>
>



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