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Re: col-vector * row-vector = matrix, how ?
*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
*Subject*: [mg18506] Re: col-vector * row-vector = matrix, how ?
*From*: tburton at brahea.com (Tom Burton)
*Date*: Wed, 7 Jul 1999 23:08:54 -0400
*Organization*: Brahea, Inc.
*References*: <7lumbd$leb@smc.vnet.net>
*Sender*: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com
On 7 Jul 1999 00:50:53 -0400, in comp.soft-sys.math.mathematica you
wrote:
>Need to know how to accomplish the following in Mathematica-3.0:
>
>v1 := transpose(<a,b,c>) /* column-vector */
>
>v2 := <x,y,z> /* row-vector */
>
>( ax ay az )
>( bx by bz ) = v1 * v2 =: m /* 3x3-matrix */
>( cx cy cz )
>
>Does anyone know how to do this in Mathematica ?
>
>Any help is highly appreciated.
>Thanks in advance.
>
>Malte.
Alas, it is common in engineering to confuse a vector with a
matrix of one row or column. Mathematica does not.
Here are two vectors in Mathematica.
In[261]:= v1 = {a,b,c};
In[262]:= v2 = {x,y,z};
In Mathematica, (and in real life, in my opinion), there is no such
thing as a row- or column-vector. These are erroneous terms for a row-
or column-matrix. Here are the column-matrix made from v1 and the
row-matrix made from v2:
In[263]:= c1 = List/@v1
Out[263]= {{a}, {b}, {c}}
In[264]:= r2 = List[v2]
Out[264]= {{x, y, z}}
Note the difference in braces. In TraditionalForm, these appear in
normal mathematical form. The product you want is simply the inner
product of the two matrices in this order
In[265]:= c1 . r2
Out[265]= {{a x, a y, a z}, {b x, b y, b z}, {c x, c y, c z}}
The other order produces a matrix with one row and column (not a
scalar!).
In[267]:= r2 . c1
Out[267]= {{a x + b y + c z}}
If all you want is the outer prodouct of two vectors, here it is.
In[272]:= Outer[Times, v1, v2]
Out[272]= {{a x, a y, a z}, {b x, b y, b z}, {c x, c y, c z}}
In[273]:= Outer[Times, v2, v1]
Out[273]= {{a x, b x, c x}, {a y, b y, c y}, {a z, b z, c z}}
In[274]:= %==Transpose[%%]
Out[274]= True
The inner product of two vectors is a scalar.
In[275]:= v1 . v2
Out[275]= a x + b y + c z
In[276]:= v2 . v1
Out[276]= a x + b y + c z
In[277]:= %==%%
Out[277]= True
Tom Burton
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