[Date Index]
[Thread Index]
[Author Index]
Re: Appending to Lists
*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
*Subject*: [mg27058] Re: Appending to Lists
*From*: "Allan Hayes" <hay at haystack.demon.co.uk>
*Date*: Sat, 3 Feb 2001 04:58:54 -0500 (EST)
*References*: <95b686$4mr@smc.vnet.net>
*Sender*: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com
James,
b = Table[Random[], {10000}];
c = Table[Random[Integer, {1, 100}], {10000}];
Your code
bin1[b_, c_] :=
Block[{a = {}},
Do[AppendTo[a, Flatten[Part[b, #] & /@ Position[c, i]]], {i, 1,
Max[c]}];
a
]
(r1 = bin1[b, c]); // Timing
{59.26 Second, Null}
Two alternatives:
This give the same ressult as bin1:
bin2[b_, c_] :=
Part[b, #] & /@ ((Join @@ Position[c, #]) & /@ Range[1, Max[c]])
(r2 = bin2[b, c]); // Timing
{5.05 Second, Null}
This one sorts the bins:
bin3[b_, c_] :=
Split[Sort[Transpose[{c, b}]], #1[[1]] === #2[[1]] &][[All, All, -1]]
(r3 = bin3[b, c]); // Timing
{2.58 Second, Null}
Test
Sort /@ r1 === Sort /@ r2 === r3
True
The padding with zeros is quite quick for this example(few bins)
pad[mat_] :=
With[{n = Max[Length /@ mat]}, PadRight[#, n, 0.] & /@ mat];
pr3 = pad[r3]; // Timing
{0.05 Second, Null}
Spot check
Short[Take[pr3, {2}], 3]
{{0.0126083, 0.0146036, 0.0247964,
0.038953, \[LeftSkeleton]121\[RightSkeleton], 0., 0., 0., 0.}}
--
Allan
---------------------
Allan Hayes
Mathematica Training and Consulting
Leicester UK
www.haystack.demon.co.uk
hay at haystack.demon.co.uk
Voice: +44 (0)116 271 4198
Fax: +44 (0)870 164 0565
"James Jones" <j.k.jones at dl.ac.uk> wrote in message
news:95b686$4mr at smc.vnet.net...
> Hi,
>
> I have a function that creates a list (a) from another list (b). The list
> elements are re-grouped in the new list according to a third list (c). A
> Position command is applied to list (c) for an element, then with this
> output the list (a) is created from list (b) at positions given by the
> element position data, list (c). This is repeated for the large number of
> elements in the original lists.
> The Position command is necessary as different elements appear in the list
a
> different number of times.
> However, with the large number of elements in the lists (approx 50,000 for
a
> simple list), this method is _very_ slow.
> If any one can give me help in speeding this process up I would be very
> grateful.
>
> The data sets would look like this
>
> b c
>
> 0.2 1
> 0.6 2
> 1.2 3
> -0.2 1
> 0.5 2
> 0.3 1
> 0.7 2
> -0.2 1
> -0.6 1
>
> A List would then be created from this data ( the list (a) ) containing
> vectors for 1, 2 and 3. The data in (b) is not important, and the order in
> which elements in (c) drop out is not set.
> In this case the (a) list should look like
>
> a = { { 0.2, -0.2, -0.2, -0.6} , {0.6, 0.5, 0.7} , { 1.2 } }
>
> My current function looks like this
>
> Do[AppendTo[xfinal,
> Flatten[Part[X, #] & /@
> Position[Global`PARTICLE, i]]], {i, 1,
> Max[PARTICLE]}];
>
> where xfinal is an (a) list, i.e. to be created.
> X is the (b) list , i.e. to be addressed, and
> PARTICLE is the (c) list. It is referenced by number.
>
> and it is very slow!
>
> Also, after producing this list, the different vector elements need to be
> made the same length, and so 0.0 are added to the ends of all vector
> elements shorter than the longest. My current function for doing this
looks
> like
>
> table = Table[0.0, {Length[First[long]]}]; Print["Table Created!"];
>
> Do[If[Length[Part[xfinal, i]] < Length[First[long]],
> AppendTo[Part[xfinal, i],
> Drop[table, (Length[Part[xfinal, i]])] ]], {i, 2,
> Length[xfinal]}];
>
> where list (long) just sorts the list elements according to length.
>
> This function is also very slow, and I was wondering, again, if anyone
knew
> a faster way of implementing this. Is the production of a table, once, and
> then dropping bits off and appending the fastest method? Of course this
> needs to be done tens of thousands of times per set of data so any small
> speed increase would be very helpful ;->
>
> Again, any help much appreciated,
>
> James Jones
> Daresbury Laboratory
>
>
Prev by Date:
**Re: idiom for recurrence relations**
Next by Date:
**Re: Appending to Lists**
Previous by thread:
**RE: Appending to Lists**
Next by thread:
**Re: Appending to Lists**
| |