Re: checking for a particular value in a matrix

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg31672] Re: checking for a particular value in a matrix
• From: "Lawrence A. Walker Jr." <lwalker701_remove_ at earthlink.net>
• Date: Fri, 23 Nov 2001 05:47:21 -0500 (EST)
• Organization: Morgan State University, COMSARE
• References: <9sb493\$bn9\$1@smc.vnet.net>
• Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

```Hi,

Flatten[] removes all of the curly braces '{ }' inside a list.  Curly
braces inside a list are said to demarcate objects that are at deeper
levels in the list.  Objects at deeper levels in a list can be accessed
by listname[[i,j,..]].  However, if flatten is used then all of the
objects within the list are at the first level.  So listname[[i]] can be
used to access any element within the list.

Hope this helps,
Lawrence

Au Han Bin wrote:

> does anyone understand what does Flatten does? the help file just tells me
> that it flattens. somehoww, it does not actually define what flatten does?
>
> regards, joshua_au at hotmail.com
>
> On Thu, 27 Sep 2001, David Park wrote:
>
>
>>This code will check that there is exactly one entry in a matrix of value 1.
>>
>>ExactlyOneOne[(mat_)?MatrixQ] :=
>>  Count[mat, 1, Infinity] == 1
>>
>>testmat1 = {{1, 0}, {2, 3}};
>>testmat2 = {{1, 0}, {2, 1}};
>>testmat3 = {{-1, 0}, {2, 3}};
>>
>>ExactlyOneOne /@ {testmat1, testmat2, testmat3}
>>{True, False, False}
>>
>>As for your second question, use a DelayedSet (:=). When you use Set (=)
>>Mathematica calculates the right hand side of the definition immediately -
>>even though the symbol a appears on the left hand side. This is a confusing
>>aspect of Mathematica definitions that trips up many users. I don't know why
>>Mathematica can't check to see if the symbol appears on the lhs. There is
>>probably some logic to it.
>>
>>David Park
>>djmp at earthlink.net
>>http://home.earthlink.net/~djmp/
>>
>>
>>
>>>From: Au Han Bin [mailto:auhb3 at cz3.nus.edu.sg]
To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
>>>
>>>Hi, I am a programming newbie and I need advice on how to check that a
>>>table or matrix , for all nonzero entries in a given row, has only one
>>>entry of value 1.
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>>i have another query on why the code below does not work, when i call
>>>convert{1,0,0,0} again, the results given are from an earlier question,
>>>e.g. {1,1} is it initialised wrongly?
>>>
>>>
>>>Clear[a,convert];
>>>convert[a___] = Sum[a[[i]]*2^(Length[a]-i),{i,1,Length[a]}]
>>>
>>>regards, thanks,
>>>
>>>joshua
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>
>
>

```

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