Re: FindMinimum within a specific interval

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg32633] Re: [mg32600] FindMinimum within a specific interval
• From: Andrzej Kozlowski <andrzej at platon.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp>
• Date: Fri, 1 Feb 2002 02:02:38 -0500 (EST)
• Reply-to: Andrzej Kozlowski <andrzej at tuins.ac.jp>
• Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

```First of all, you will need to include the boundary, otherwise the
problem may not have a solution. The function to use belongs to the
Experimental context and is called Minimize. However, it requires that
your expression to be minimized be a polynomial with rational
coefficients and not floating point ones. So the first step is to
rationalize the coefficients in your expression;

In[1]:=
f = Rationalize[(x + y + z - 1)^2 +
(-65.96*x - 55.87*y + 132.19*z)^2 +
(174.23*x + 148.29*y - 380.11*z)^2]

Out[1]=
((17423*x)/100 + (14829*y)/100 - (38011*z)/100)^2 +
(-1 + x + y + z)^2 + (-((1649*x)/25) - (5587*y)/100 +
(13219*z)/100)^2

Next we load in the Experimental context:

In[2]:=
<< "Experimental`"

Now comes the real work

In[3]:=
Minimize[f, {1 >= x >= 0, 1 >= y >= 0, 1 >= z >= 0},
{x, y, z}]

Out[3]=
{66772644131209/74636972221209,
{z -> 2221583705000/74636972221209,
y -> 1880914795000/24878990740403, x -> 0}}

Converting to floating point values:

In[4]:=
N[%]

Out[4]=
{0.8946322733096446, {z -> 0.02976519061378417,
y -> 0.07560253607657125, x -> 0.}}

To get some confidence we look at some random values of f inside the
tetrahedron:

In[5]:=
And@@(Table[%[[1]]<f/.{x->Random[],y->Random[],
z->Random[]},{20}])

Out[5]=
True

Seems to work.

Andrzej Kozlowski
Toyama International University
JAPAN
http://platon.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp/andrzej/

On Thursday, January 31, 2002, at 03:45  PM, Wassim T. Jalbout wrote:

> Dear all,
>
> I have the following 3 simultaneous equations
>
> eq1      x + y + z - 1=0
> eq2      -65.96x - 55.87y + 132.19z=0
> eq3      174.23x + 148.29y - 380.11z=0
>
> and I want to find the triplet (x,y,z) that best satisfies them within
> the
> interval 0>x>1,
> 0>y>1 and 0>z>1.
>
> I realize, by using Solve, that the exact solution to simultaneous eqs
> 1 to
> 3 above, namely
> (x=-3.6,y=4.5,z=0.1), lies outside the [0,1] interval for x and y and is
> thus uninteresting to my work.
>
> So I thought of minimizing the following expression:
> eq1^2+eq2^2+eq3^2
> within the interval 0 to 1 for (x,y,z)
>
> to do so I used FindMinimum as follows:
>
> FindMinimum [ (x + y + z - 1)^2 + (-65.96x - 55.87y + 132.19z)^2 +
>
>              (174.23x + 148.29y - 380.11z)^2, {x, 0.1}, {y, 0.6},
>
>              {z,0.3}]
>
> where I can only specify starting points rather than fixed intervals
> for x,
> y and z.(unfortunately).
>
> The result I get is:
> {1.0107607*^-28, {x->-3.6, y->4.5, z->0.10}}
> with x,y,z values still outside the 0,1 interval.
>
>
> How to to find the x,y,z value between 0 and 1 that results in the
> smallest
> value to my second degree expression written above? Is my approach wrong
> alltogether?
>
>
> I would appreciate any help,
> Wassim.
>
> --------
> Wassim Jalbout, MS, D.ABMP, D.ABR
> American University of Beirut,
> Medical Center
> Bliss St/ P.O.Box 113-6044
> Beirut - Lebanon
> Tel- 961 3 654255/ 961 1 344839/ 961 1 374444 ext.5090
> Fax- 961 1 370795/ 961 1 345325
>
>
>
>

```

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