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MathGroup Archive 2002

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Re: L2 inner product. Integrate and Conjugate?

  • To: mathgroup at
  • Subject: [mg36335] Re: [mg36308] L2 inner product. Integrate and Conjugate?
  • From: BobHanlon at
  • Date: Mon, 2 Sep 2002 04:08:43 -0400 (EDT)
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at

In a message dated 8/31/02 3:14:33 AM, andreas.dietrich at physik.uni-marburg.d=

> I am trying to implement the inner product in the space of
> complex-valued, square integrable functions over [-1/2,1/2], which can
> be expressed in Mathematica code as
> inner[f_Function,g_function]:=Integrate[Conjugate[f[x]]*g[x],{x,-1/2,1/2}]
> This is simple enough. Problem is, Mathematica seamingly cannot
> evaluate the Integral for even the simplest of functions:
> In[10]:=inner[#&,#&]
> Out[10]:=\!\(\[Integral]\_\(-\(1\/2\)\)\%\(1\/2\)\(x\ Conjugate[
>      x]\) \[DifferentialD]x\)
> As you see, the Integrate returns unevaluated. It works fine if I
> remove the Conjugate. Unfortunately the Conjugate is needed for
> positive definiteness.
> Various variants with Composition, Re and Im etc. don't work either.
> This should be a So how do I get Integrate to work with Conjugate?
> I use Mathematica on Linux/i386.

Would including Simplify or FullSimplify provide the results that youn want?


     Integrate[Simplify[Conjugate[f[x]]*g[x], Element[x, Reals]],
     {x, -1/2, 1/2}];



Bob Hanlon
Chantilly, VA   USA

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