       Simple Sum problem

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg44499] Simple Sum problem
• From: takacs at bnl.gov (P.Z. Takacs)
• Date: Wed, 12 Nov 2003 08:01:54 -0500 (EST)
• Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

```I have an algebra Sum problem where I am trying to sum the product of
two terms. The first term contains the index integer raised to various
powers. The second term is an unspecified function identified by the
index integer. A typical expression would be: Sum[a i^2 + en[i], {i,
1, npts}] . Mathematica returns the result unchanged, as if it does
not know what to do with this expression.

However, if I break it up into its individual terms, I get the
following:
The first term is just a geometric series: Sum[a i^2 , {i, 1, npts}]
and Mathematica returns the correct result: 1/6*a*npts*(1 + npts)*(1 +
2*npts).

The second term remains unchanged in symbolic form, as it should be:
Sum[en[i] , {i, 1, npts}] = Sum[en[i] , {i, 1, npts}].

How can I get Sum to evaluate the geometric series term in the
combined expression but leave the second term in symbolic form?

I am trying to investigate the statistical properties of noisy data on
various geometrical properties of polynomial curve fits, such as the
position of the minimum in a 2nd order fit. The noise term needs to be
carried through the least squares fit procedure symbolically so that
it can be replaced with the appropriate expectations values at the
proper time.

I haven't been able to find a way to do this in Mathematica. Maybe
someone knows a solution to this problem.