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Re: Improper integral

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  • Subject: [mg44667] Re: Improper integral
  • From: poujadej at (Jean-Claude Poujade)
  • Date: Thu, 20 Nov 2003 03:16:33 -0500 (EST)
  • References: <> <bpfftf$lvs$>
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at

Andrzej Kozlowski <akoz at> wrote in message news:<bpfftf$lvs$1 at>...
> More on this theme: can somebody explain what the concept of a  
> "principal value" of an integral is good for? I have been a  
> professional mathematician for years and have been involved in several  
> different areas of research, and yet never came across any use for it.  
> I have more then a dozen texts on analysis yet none of them mentions  
> it. The only books where I can find it mentioned are books for  
> physicists and engineers (one is the well known text by Riley, Hobson  
> and Bence, the other a book in Polish) and they both give one line  
> definitions without any examples of use (and do not mention poles at  
> infinity). At first sight it seems a pretty trivial and useless  
> concept, so I would like to know if it really has any serious  
> applications.
> Andrzej Kozlowski


I'm sorry my subject was perhaps not enough explicit.
I'm not arguing about the usefulness of the "principal value"
concept : I just want to be allowed to remove as easily as
possible some exceptions (for instance in probabilities) 
and I want Mathematica to comply with generally agreed definitions.

Let me quote Borowski & Borwein's dictionary of mathematics :

< Cauchy principal value : the evaluation of an improper integral
< on the interval [-Infinity,Infinity] as the symmetric (two-sided)
< limit of the integral on intervals of the form [-n,n].
< This may well converge even if the sum of the two ordinary improper
< integrals over [-Infinity,a] and [a,Infinity] does not.

Given that definition, it seems to me that Mathematica doesn't return 
what it should. That's all I mean.

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