[Date Index]
[Thread Index]
[Author Index]
Re: Defining anti-symmetric operation. New ideas requested.
*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
*Subject*: [mg47251] Re: Defining anti-symmetric operation. New ideas requested.
*From*: Daniel Lichtblau <danl at wolfram.com>
*Date*: Thu, 1 Apr 2004 00:03:37 -0500 (EST)
*References*: <200403310758.CAA20995@smc.vnet.net>
*Sender*: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com
Oleksandr Pavlyk wrote:
> Dear MathGroup,
>
> In order to explain the problem I would need to
> say few words about what I am trying to accomplish.
> So please bear with me.
>
> I am often define bare bones of a Lie algebra,
> and check its consistency by Mathematica. To that
> end I have some generators, and I define their
> commutation relation. As an example let us take
> SU(2) with 3 generators H[], X[], Y[]
>
> To define the algebra I write
>
> Commute[ H[], X[] ] = Y[]
> Commute[ X[], Y[] ] = H[]
> Commute[ Y[], H[] ] = X[]
>
> now because of properties of Commute,
>
> Commute[ OperatorA, OperatorB ] = - Commute[OperatorB, OperatorA]
>
> So far I am realizing this property by defining
>
> Commute[ X[], H[] ] := -Commute[ H[], X[] ]
> Commute[ Y[], X[] ] := -Commute[ X[], Y[] ]
> Commute[ H[], Y[] ] := -Commute[ Y[], H[] ]
>
> So I come to my question. I would like Mathematica to
> define automatically
>
> Commute[OperatorB, OperatorA]
>
> every time I define Commute[OperatorA, OperatorB].
>
> I tried to approach the problem by examining
> DownValues of Commute.
>
> (* This is evaluated if no direct definition was matched *)
> Commute[a_, b_]:=Module[{res},
> res = HoldComplete[Commute[b,a]]/.DownValues[Commute];
> If[ res === HoldComplete[Commute[b,a]], (* If nothing in DownValues *)
> Return[0] (* we declare everything else commuting *)
> ,
> Return[ -ReleaseHold[res] ]
> ]
> ]
>
> This definition indeed gives Commute[ X[], H[] ] = -Y[], but if I try
> it on some undefined generators
>
> Commute[ J[], H[] ]
>
> I get infinite recursion, which is there because the very definition
> of trick solving part of Commute is also in DownValues, and hence we get
>
> res = HoldComplete[ Module[{},.... ] ]
>
> Any ideas on how to encode anti-symmetric properties of Commute would
> be very appreciated.
>
> I am sorry for slightly long post. The Mathematica notebook with the
> code is posted at
>
> http://www.pavlyk.com/SU(2).nb
>
> Thank you,
> Sasha
>
I'm not entirely sure the code below will always elude infinite
recursion but give it a try and see if it works for you.
Clear[Commute]
Commute[a_,a_] := 0
Commute[a_,b_] /; Not[OrderedQ[{a,b}]] := -Commute[b,a]
Clear[makeCommutator]
makeCommutator[a_,b_,c_] := With[
{lhs=Commute[Apply[Sequence,Sort[{a,b}]]], rhs=Order[a,b]*c},
Apply[SetDelayed, {lhs,rhs}]
]
For your example:
makeCommutator[H[], X[], y[]]
makeCommutator[X[], Y[], H[]]
makeCommutator[Y[], H[], X[]]
We do a quick sanity check.
In[58]:= ??Commute
Global`Commute
Commute[H[], X[]] := y[]
Commute[H[], Y[]] := -X[]
Commute[X[], Y[]] := H[]
Commute[a_, a_] := 0
Commute[a_, b_] /; !OrderedQ[{a, b}] := -Commute[b, a]
In[59]:= Commute[Y[],X[]]
Out[59]= -H[]
Daniel Lichtblau
Wolfram Research
Prev by Date:
**Re: Re: Constant function Integrate Assumption**
Next by Date:
**RE: Re: Constant function Integrate Assumption**
Previous by thread:
**RE: Re: Constant function Integrate Assumption**
Next by thread:
**Re: Defining anti-symmetric operation. New ideas requested.**
| |