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Re: how to explain this weird effect? Integrate

  • To: mathgroup at
  • Subject: [mg46544] Re: how to explain this weird effect? Integrate
  • From: "David W. Cantrell" <DWCantrell at>
  • Date: Mon, 23 Feb 2004 02:15:37 -0500 (EST)
  • References: <20040218182324.673$> <c11se0$nkq$> <c14738$4bt$> <c16mc3$5q1$> <c1am0c$3oe$>
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at

drbob at (Bobby R. Treat) wrote concerning the bug which causes
Limit[Floor[Cos[x]], x -> 0] to give 1, rather than 0:

> The problem with Floor[Cos[x]] may be related to this situation:
> Floor[1 - 10.^(-17)]
> 1

Thanks. Yes, it might be related to that. But it _shouldn't_ be related
since everything in Limit[Floor[Cos[x]], x -> 0] is _exact_.

BTW, I doesn't trouble me -- well, at least, not much -- that
Floor[1 - 10.^(-17)] yields 1 . I've often mentioned (although perhaps not
in this newsgroup) that using discontinuous functions such as Floor in
floating-point arithmetic is _inherently_ perilous. One needs to learn to
expect things like Floor[1 - 10.^(-17)] possibly being 1 .

OTOH, note that Mathematica correctly gives 0 for Floor[1 - 10^(-17)] .
Since everything there was exact, I would have been greatly troubled if
Mathematica hadn't gotten that right.


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