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Re: Do Modules Produce Side Effects?

  • To: mathgroup at
  • Subject: [mg47980] Re: Do Modules Produce Side Effects?
  • From: Jens-Peer Kuska <kuska at>
  • Date: Tue, 4 May 2004 07:03:13 -0400 (EDT)
  • Organization: Universitaet Leipzig
  • References: <c778ms$hf7$>
  • Reply-to: kuska at
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at


sind out what
"Module creates new symbols to represent 
EACH OF ITS LOCAL VARIABLES evey time it is called."

the local varaibels are in a call Module[{},...]

 Module[ {m}, m=4; 2*m ]

will do what you want, because here m *is* a local variable.

The construct Module[{},...] is total useless.


Harold Noffke wrote:
> $Version "5.0 for Microsoft Windows [2000] (November 18, 2003)"
> MathGroup:
> The MathBook definition of Module tells me, "Module creates new
> symbols to represent each of its local variables every time it is
> called."  I am led by this, and other Module descriptions, to conclude
> Modules do not produce side effects, like Blocks do.  However, we have
> ...
> In[1]:= m=i^2
> Out[1]= i^2
> In[2]:= Module[ {}, m=4; 2*m ]
> Out[2]= 8
> In[3]:= m
> Out[3]= 4
> I expected m to remain unchanged from its original i^2.  But Module
> changed m to 4, just as I would expect a Block to do.
> Am I misunderstanding something about the "side effect safety" of
> Modules?
> Regards,
> Harold

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