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Re: Cases

  • To: mathgroup at
  • Subject: [mg50459] Re: Cases
  • From: Bill Rowe <readnewsciv at>
  • Date: Sat, 4 Sep 2004 01:43:55 -0400 (EDT)
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at

On 9/3/04 at 3:35 AM, jerry.blimbaum at (Blimbaum, Jerry AA
R22) wrote:

>Given:   x = {a,b,c,d,d};

>Applying   Cases[x,d]   gives an output of {a,b,c}......

I assume you really meant Cases[x,d] gives an output of {d,d} since that is what it is documented to to and does on my system.

>However, Cases[x,Not[d]] gives as output an empty list  { }... I
>expected   {a,b,c}.....

>Why didnt I get that?

Because none of the elements of your list x have a Head of Not.

Cases returns all of the elements that match the specified pattern. When none of the elements have the same head as the specified pattern, Cases correctly returns an empty list.

If you want to output a list of everything in the list different from a specified pattern, use DeleteCases, i.e.,

DeleteCases[x, d]
{a, b, c}

And note


since there is no matching element to Not[d]
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