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MathGroup Archive 2005

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pattern matching all list elements but last

  • To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
  • Subject: [mg54539] pattern matching all list elements but last
  • From: "Trevor Baca" <trevorbaca at gmail.com>
  • Date: Tue, 22 Feb 2005 04:24:35 -0500 (EST)
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

hi mathgroup folks,

let's say ls looks like this:

  ls = {{1}, {2,3}, {4,5,6}, {7,8,9,10}}

is there an elegant way to match all integers *except the last
(rightmost)* in each list and, say, add 100 to each?

  ls /. <magic replacement rule goes here>

or

  ls //. <magic replacement rule goes here>

to give {{1}, {102,3}, {104,105,6}, {107,108,109,10}}?

this works:

  Release[ ls //. {a___, b_Integer, c___, z_Integer} :> {a, Hold[b +
100], c, z} ]

but is there a more elegant pattern, possibly one that avoids the
Hold-Release trick?


trevor.


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