       Re: DSolve with recursively defined equations

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg53786] Re: [mg53760] DSolve with recursively defined equations
• From: DrBob <drbob at bigfoot.com>
• Date: Thu, 27 Jan 2005 05:41:26 -0500 (EST)
• References: <200501260937.EAA00254@smc.vnet.net>
• Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

```The problem is that the expressions nn'[0, d] and nn'[i, d] don't make any sense.

Clear[nn, eq, in, eqns, funcs];
iCount = 2;
eq = D[nn[0, d], d] == -r nn[0, d];
eq[i_] := D[nn[i, d], d] == r(nn[i - 1, d] - nn[i, d]);
in = nn[0, 0] == 1;
in[i_] := nn[i, 0] == 0;
eqns = Flatten[Table[{eq[i], in[i]}, {i, 0, iCount}]]
funcs = Table[nn[i, d], {i, 0, iCount}]
DSolve[eqns, funcs, d]

{{nn[0, d] -> E^((-d)*r),
nn[1, d] -> (d*r)/E^(d*r),
nn[2, d] -> ((1/2)*d^2*r^2)/
E^(d*r)}}

Bobby

On Wed, 26 Jan 2005 04:37:21 -0500 (EST), <pdickof at sasktel.net> wrote:

> DSolve can handle this....
> eq = n0'[d] == -r n0[d];
> eq = n1'[d] == r(n0[d]  - n1[d]);
> eq = n2'[d] == r(n1[d]  - n2[d]);
> in = n0 == 1;
> in = n1 == 0;
> in = n2 == 0;
> eqns = Flatten[Table[{eq[i], in[i]}, {i, 0, 2}]];
> funcs = {n0[d], n1[d], n2[d]};
> DSolve[eqns, funcs, d]
>
> ...but when I try to generalize to the following ...
> Remove[nn, eq, in, eqns, funcs];
> iCount=2;
> eq = nn'[0, d] == -r nn[0, d];
> eq[i_] := nn'[i, d] == r(nn[i - 1, d]  - nn[i, d]);
> in = nn[0, 0] == 1;
> in[i_] := nn[i, 0] == 0;
> eqns = Flatten[Table[{eq[i], in[i]}, {i, 0, iCount}]];
> funcs = Table[nn[i, d], {i, 0, iCount}];
> DSolve[eqns, funcs, d]
>
> ...I get the message
> DSolve::bvnul: For some branches of the general solution, \
> the given boundary conditions lead to an empty solution.
>
> I don't understand the difference. Is it possible to generalize as
> above? Is it possible to obtain a general solution for the ith
> equation? What are the relevant sections in the documentation?
>
> Peter Dickof
>
>
>
>

--
DrBob at bigfoot.com
www.eclecticdreams.net

```

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