       Re: //N bug, but WHY?

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg58645] Re: [mg58634] //N bug, but WHY?
• From: Bob Hanlon <hanlonr at cox.net>
• Date: Tue, 12 Jul 2005 05:21:30 -0400 (EDT)
• Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

```expr=Cosh[(43*Pi)/Sqrt]+(1-Cosh[
43*Sqrt*Pi])*Csch[43*Sqrt*Pi]*Sinh[(43*Pi)/Sqrt];

You are trying to take the difference of two very large numbers. Precision is
an issue

term1=expr[]

Cosh[(43*Pi)/Sqrt]

term2=expr[]

(1 - Cosh[43*Sqrt*Pi])*Csch[43*Sqrt*Pi]*Sinh[(43*Pi)/Sqrt]

term1//N

1.526301024376754*^41

term2//N

-1.5263010243767541*^41

%+%%

-1.9342813113834067*^25

expr//N

-1.9342813113834067*^25

Using explicit precision will eliminate the problem

N[expr,20]

6.55178751785434401405005796823578794`20.*^-42

However, if you simplify, there is only one small term

FullSimplify[expr]

Sech[(43*Pi)/Sqrt]

%//N

6.5517875178544*^-42

Bob Hanlon

>
> From: "symbio" <symbio at has.com>
To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
> Date: 2005/07/11 Mon AM 04:19:20 EDT
> Subject: [mg58645] [mg58634] //N bug, but WHY?
>
> Evaluating (using //N) two exact same expressions, gives wrong answer unless
> fullsimplify is used first, I spent 2 days on a problem thinking my answer
> was wrong, but turned out Mathematica 5 was giving me buggy answers, I
> debugged it to this point, but WHY in the world is this happening?  Please
> help!!!
>
> cut and paste below to see the test case:
>
> In:=
> \!\(\(Cosh[\(43\ \[Pi]\)\/\@2] + \((1 - Cosh[43\ \@2\ \[Pi]])\)\ Csch[
>             43\ \@2\ \[Pi]]\ Sinh[\(43\ \[Pi]\)\/\@2] // FullSimplify\) //
>     N\[IndentingNewLine]
>   Cosh[\(43\ \[Pi]\)\/\@2] + \((1 - Cosh[43\ \@2\ \[Pi]])\)\ Csch[
>           43\ \@2\ \[Pi]]\ Sinh[\(43\ \[Pi]\)\/\@2] // N\)
> Out=
> \!\(6.551787517854307`*^-42\)
> Out=
> \!\(\(-1.9342813113834067`*^25\)\)
>
>
>
> thanks,
>
>

```

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