Re: For Loop and Array related

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg57989] Re: [mg57971] For Loop and Array related
• From: Andrzej Kozlowski <andrzej at akikoz.net>
• Date: Thu, 16 Jun 2005 05:35:46 -0400 (EDT)
• References: <200506150958.FAA29716@smc.vnet.net>
• Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

```On 15 Jun 2005, at 18:58, mchangun at gmail.com wrote:

>
> Hi All,
>
> I have an array with 100 elements, all set to zero initially.  Then I
> want to randomly choose one element and increase its value by one, and
> repeat this 16000 times. Here is my code:
>
> Lattice = Table[0, {n, 100}];
> For[i = 1, i = 16000, i++, Lattice[[Random[Integer, {1, 100}]]]++]
>
> So now if I add all the elements in the list Lattice together, I
> should
> get 16000 (I use Total[Lattice] to get the sum of the list).  But this
> doesn't happen, and strangely, each time I run this, the sum of the
> list is different!  What am I doing wrong?
>
> Also I'm aware that a lot of Mathematica newbies try and write code
> like it were C++ and I think i've fallen into this trap as well.
> So is
> there a different (more Mathematica) way which I can implement the
> above?
>
>
>

The reason why your code does not work is that Lattice[[Random
[Integer, {1, 100}]]]++ actually calls Random[Integer, {1, 100}]
twice and the two values you get are not the same (unlike what you
intended).

As for a more Mathematica like code, load in the discrete Math packages

In[1]:=
<< discretemath`

In[2]:=
Lattice = Table[0, {n, 100}];

And now we do the random increasing

In[3]:=
Timing[p = With[{s = Prepend[Table[0, {99}], 1]},
Nest[#1 + RandomPermutation[s] & , Lattice, 1600]]; ]

Out[3]=
{0.7715100000000001*Second, Null}

The total sum is indeed 1600:
In[4]:=
Total[p]

Out[4]=
1600

We look at the first 20 entries to see what happened to them:

In[5]:=
Take[p, 20]

Out[5]=
{16, 14, 13, 15, 18, 14, 15, 19, 17, 10, 22, 16, 12, 17,
12, 14, 11, 23, 15, 22}

One more thing. I have no idea why

<< discretemath`

loads all discrete math packages. I noticed Maxim doing so I tried it
and it worked this but I don't think it is a documented feature. Does
anyone know?
Of course what really is needed above is only the Combinatorica
package and the normal, documented way of reading it in is

<<DiscreteMath`Combinatorica`

Andrzej Kozlowski

Chiba, Japan

```

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