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Re: Nested iterators in Compile
*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
*Subject*: [mg55032] Re: [mg55010] Nested iterators in Compile
*From*: "Christoph Lhotka" <lhotka at astro.univie.ac.at>
*Date*: Thu, 10 Mar 2005 05:24:35 -0500 (EST)
*Sender*: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com
Hello !
I would define your compiled function this way:
In[..]:=g = Compile[{{n, _Integer}}, Module[{i, j, s = 0},
Do[s += j, {i, n}, {j, i}];
Print[s]], {{s, _Integer}, {i, _Integer}, {j, _Integer}}]
(see Help Browser for more details on how to declare variables inside
subexpressions at the end of Compile)
The problem is, that you will get a similar error message, when you do not
define initial values for i and j, but the function worked, as you can see
here:
In[..]:= g[100]
Out[..]:=171700
To suppress the error message I defined a value for i and j, which should not
be wrong, because, i and j are set inside the do - loop. But there seems to be
a serious problem with it:
In[..]:=In[..]:=g = Compile[{{n, _Integer}}, Module[{i=0, j=0, s = 0},
Do[s += j, {i, n}, {j, i}];
Print[s]], {{s, _Integer}, {i, _Integer}, {j, _Integer}}]
any time, I use the function, it will nothing else return, but 0..
In[..]:=g[10/50/100/...]
Out[..]:=0
for any other initial value for i I get different results, so...
HOW CAN THE INITIAL VALUE FOR I INFLUENCE THE RESULT OF THE DO - LOOP?
as you can see in an uncompiled version, this should not influence anything:
In[..]:=G[n_] := Module[{i = 5, j = 3, s = 0}, Do[s += j, {i, n}, {j, i}];
Print[s]]
In[..]:=G[100]
Out[..]:=171700
Can anyone give some more explanation to this problem, some more information
on how the function compile really works?
On Wed, 9 Mar 2005 06:34:35 -0500 (EST)
Maxim <ab_def at prontomail.com> wrote:
> The fact that iterators work differently when used in Compile seems to
> lead to a serious limitation:
>
> In[1]:=
> Compile[{n},
> Module[{s = 0},
> Do[s += j, {i, n}, {j, i}];
> s
> ]][10]
>
> CompiledFunction::cfse: Compiled expression i should be a machine-size
> real number.
>
> CompiledFunction::cfex: External evaluation error at instruction 4;
> proceeding with uncompiled evaluation.
>
> Out[1]=
> 220
>
> The iterator {j, i} is evaluated before any value is assigned to i, and
> the evaluation of the compiled code fails (and if we add the
> initialization i=0 before Do, we'll only get an empty loop as the result,
> unlike the uncompiled version). So we have to resort to some workarounds
> such as changing the inner iterator to {j, n} and adding If[j>i,
> Continue[]] to the loop body, which of course decreases the performance.
>
> Maxim Rytin
> m.r at inbox.ru
>
-- Christoph Lhotka --
University of Vienna
Institute for Astronomy
Tuerkenschanzstr. 17
1180 Vienna, Austria
fon. +43.1.4277.518.41
mail. lhotka at astro.univie.ac.at
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