Re: simplify a trig expression

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg65436] Re: [mg65415] simplify a trig expression
• From: Andrzej Kozlowski <akoz at mimuw.edu.pl>
• Date: Sat, 1 Apr 2006 05:38:54 -0500 (EST)
• References: <200603311109.GAA15029@smc.vnet.net>
• Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

```This is one of those cases where FullSimplify will not work because
it lacks a suitable transformation function. In this particular case
the transformation function is of the form:

f[n_*Log[a_]] := Log[a^n]

Of course this is only valid with various assumptions on n and a, but
I won't bother with this here. Anyway, observe that:

FullSimplify[Integrate[Cos[x]/(Sin[x] + 1), x],
TransformationFunctions -> {Automatic, f}]

Log[Sin[x] + 1]

Note also that Simplify will not work even when you add f.

I am not sure if there are good reasons for adding a version of f
(taking account of suitable assumptions) to the default
transformation functions of FullSimplify. It may however be a good
idea to have another possible value for the option
TransformationFunctions besides only Automatic and user defined ones.
In fact I have suggested in the past one or two other useful
TransformationFunctions; perhaps it might be a good idea to define
more and  collect them into a single option value or maybe several.

Andrzej Kozlowski

On 31 Mar 2006, at 13:09, Murray Eisenberg wrote:

> A direct substitution (with paper and pencil) gives that the
> integral of
>   Cos[x]/(Sin[x] + 1) is Log[Sin[x] + 1].  This is valid provided
> Sin[x]
> is not -1.
>
> Mathematica gives:
>
>    Integrate[Cos[x]/(Sin[x] + 1), x]
> 2 Log[Cos[x/2] + Sin[x/2]]
>
> Is there some simple way to coerce the latter Mathematica-supplied
> result into the paper-and-pencil answer?
>
> The closest I could get is:
>
>    Log[TrigExpand[Expand[(Cos[x/2] + Sin[x/2])^2]]] /.
>    {Sin[x/2] -> Sqrt[(1 - Cos[x])/2],
>     Cos[x/2] -> Sqrt[(1 + Cos[x])/2]}
> Log[1 + Sqrt[1 - Cos[x]]*Sqrt[1 + Cos[x]]]
>
> Am I not seeing some easier TrigExpand or TrigReduce method?
>
> --
> Murray Eisenberg                     murray at math.umass.edu
> Mathematics & Statistics Dept.
> Lederle Graduate Research Tower      phone 413 549-1020 (H)
> University of Massachusetts                413 545-2859 (W)
> 710 North Pleasant Street            fax   413 545-1801
> Amherst, MA 01003-9305
>

```

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