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MathGroup Archive 2006

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Re: List Operations

  • To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
  • Subject: [mg65705] Re: [mg65681] List Operations
  • From: Andrzej Kozlowski <akoz at mimuw.edu.pl>
  • Date: Sun, 16 Apr 2006 01:45:13 -0400 (EDT)
  • References: <200604140832.EAA22085@smc.vnet.net>
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

On 14 Apr 2006, at 17:32, LectorZ wrote:

> Hi guys,
>
> My question:
>
> mylist={{1,a, b},{1,a, b},{1,a,
> b},{2,b,z},{2,b,z},{2,b,z},{2,b,z},....,{n,x,y},{n,x,y},{n,x,y},... 
> {n,x,y}}
>
> The sublists are of different length.
>
> I need to calculate the product between the 2nd and 3rd element of
> every sublist (e.g. a*b) and then add them up according to the 1st
> element: sum of all products where the 1st element is 1, 2, ...n.
>
> The result should be a list like that:
> {{1,a*b+a*b+a*b},{2,b*z+b*z+b*z+b*z}, ...,{n, x*y+x*y+x*y+...+x*y}}
>
> Thank you for your help.
>
> LZ
>

It is impossible in Mathematica to get  Mathematica to output  
something in the form a+a+a and the like instead of 3a , without  
using HoldForm. So, you should  either use something like this:

mylist = {{1, a, b}, {1, a, b}, {1, a,
b}, {2, b, z}, {2, b, z}, {2, b, z}, {2, b, z}};



mylist /. {i_, x_, y_} -> {i, x*y} //. {a___, {i_, x_}, {i_, y_},  
b___} -> {a, {i, x + y}, b}

{{1, 3*a*b}, {2, 4*b*z}}

or if you really want it to look as you wrote it:


SetAttributes[plus,{Flat,OneIdentity}]


Format[plus[x___]]:=HoldForm[Plus[x]]


mylist /. {i_, x_, y_} -> {i, x*y} //. {a___, {i_, x_}, {i_, y_},  
b___} -> {a, {i, HoldForm[x + y]}, b}


{{1,a*b+a*b+a*b},{2,b z+b*z+b*z+b*z}}

Andrzej Kozlowski







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