Re: setps problem/how to set matrix elements

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg65923] Re: setps problem/how to set matrix elements
• From: "Nasser Abbasi" <nma at 12000.org>
• Date: Sun, 23 Apr 2006 06:17:43 -0400 (EDT)
• References: <200604170628.CAA08745@smc.vnet.net> <e22hg8\$e6o\$1@smc.vnet.net>
• Reply-to: "Nasser Abbasi" <nma at 12000.org>
• Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

```"Szabolcs Horvát" <szhorvat at gmail.com> wrote in message
news:e22hg8\$e6o\$1 at smc.vnet.net...

>
> and you get
>
> {{0.5,0.5,0.5,0.5},{0.5,0.5,0.5,0.5},{0.5,0.5,0.5,0.5},{0.5,0.5,0.5,0.5}}[[1,1]]
> = 5;
>
> which is illegal.

in other words:

A = {{1,2},{3,4}}

A[[1,1]]   <----OK
{{1,2},{3,4}} [[1,1]]  <---- OK

but when we try to assign to it, the second form fails

A[[1,1]] = 5  <--- OK
{{1,2},{3,4}} [[1,1]] = 5  <---- not OK

on a side question, does Mathematica always pass arguments to functions by
value? (i.e. default is to evaluate all arguments being passed before the
function being called gets hold of them?)

If a matrix A was one million by one million, then

F[a__]:= ... use matrix 'a'  here...

and then  I do  F[myBigMatrixA] then the whole thing is passed by value? and
put of the stack?

So to force passing by reference, we prevent the evaluation of that specific
argument?

Is there a document that describes more how Mathematica does these things.
Calling convention, passing mechanism, and things sort of thing?

Nasser

This is explained in the documentation of the error
> message (in version 5.2, not all messages are documented in all
> versions).
>
> You must prevent the first argument of FSD from being evaluated, so r
> will be replaced by p instead of the value of p. See the documentation
> of attribute HoldFirst.
>
> In[4]:=
> SetAttributes[FSD, HoldFirst]
>
> In[5]:=
> FSD[p,256,256]
>
> In[6]:=
> p
>
> Out[6]=
> {{5,0.5,0.5,0.5},{0.5,0.5,0.5,0.5},{0.5,0.5,0.5,0.5},{0.5,0.5,0.5,0.5}}
>
> After applying the attribute, the function works correctly, and
> p[[1,1]] is set to 5.
>
> Szabolcs HorvÃ¡t
>
>

```

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