RE: Newbie question about column sums of arrays

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg68551] RE: [mg68508] Newbie question about column sums of arrays
• From: "Erickson Paul-CPTP18" <Paul.Erickson at Motorola.com>
• Date: Wed, 9 Aug 2006 04:20:17 -0400 (EDT)
• Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

```Seems a lot easier with the list of lists form of a matrix. Note, table
and array use a somewhat different form of indexing.
In[26]:=
aa1 = Table[ x, {4},{4}] /. x:> (-1)^Random[Integer]
Out[26]=
{{-1,1,1,1},{-1,1,1,-1},{-1,1,-1,1},{1,1,1,-1}}
In[27]:=
Total[ aa1 ]
Out[27]=
{-2,4,2,0}
In[28]:=
%[[3]]
Out[28]=
2

-----Original Message-----
From: George W. Gilchrist [mailto:gwgilc at wm.edu]
To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
Subject: [mg68551] [mg68508] Newbie question about column sums of arrays

I have spent several hours trying to find an answer to what must be an
incredibly simple problem: how to sum the columns of an array containing
a random mix of +1 and -1s. For example:

In[7]:=
AA1=Array[x, {4,4}]/. x:> (-1)^Random[Integer]

Out[7]=
\!\(\*FormBox[
RowBox[{"(", "\[NoBreak]", GridBox[{
{\(1[1, 1]\), \(1[1, 2]\), \(\((\(-1\))\)[1, 3]\), \(1[1, 4]
\)},
{\(1[2, 1]\), \(1[2, 2]\), \(\((\(-1\))\)[
2, 3]\), \(\((\(-1\))\)[2, 4]\)},
{\(1[3, 1]\), \(\((\(-1\))\)[3, 2]\), \(1[3, 3]\), \(1[3, 4]
\)},
{\(\((\(-1\))\)[4, 1]\), \(1[4,
2]\), \(1[4, 3]\), \(\((\(-1\))\)[4, 4]\)}
},
RowSpacings->1,
ColumnSpacings->1,
ColumnAlignments->{Left}], "\[NoBreak]", ")"}],

In[8]:=
Total[AA1]

Out[8]=
{(-1)[4,1]+1[1,1]+1[2,1]+1[3,1],
(-1)[3,2]+1[1,2]+1[2,2]+1[4,2],
(-1)[1,3]+(-1)[2,3]+1[3,3]+1[4,3],
(-1)[2,4]+(-1)[4,4]+1[1,4]+1[3,4]}

So, Total[] seems to do the right thing, but I cannot get the actual
sums as real numbers, only this rather verbose representation. I have
searched the manuals for just about everything I can think of with no

Cheers, George

..................................................................
George W. Gilchrist                        Email #1: gwgilc at wm.edu
Department of Biology, Box 8795          Email #2: kitesci at cox.net
College of William & Mary                    Phone: (757) 221-7751
Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795                    Fax: (757) 221-6483
http://gwgilc.people.wm.edu/

```

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