Re: fast replace for matrix minor

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg69511] Re: fast replace for matrix minor
• From: "astanoff" <astanoff at gmail.com>
• Date: Thu, 14 Sep 2006 06:56:30 -0400 (EDT)
• References: <ee8hcp\$j7g\$1@smc.vnet.net>

```Christopher Arthur wrote:
> Is there a quick way to replace a small minor block in a large matrix?
> Using ReplacePart in a Do loop seems to be very inefficient with
> respect to timing
>
> Chris Arthur

Hi Chris,

This is my way to do that kind of block replace
without any Do, For or While :

In[1]:=replaceBlock[oldMatrix_?MatrixQ, newBlock_?MatrixQ,
{startRow_Integer, startColumn_Integer}]:=
Module[{endRow, endColumn, rep},
{endRow, endColumn} = {startRow, startColumn}+
Dimensions[newBlock]-1;
rep[i_ /; startRow <= i <= endRow,
j_ /; startColumn <= j <= endColumn]:=
newBlock[[i-startRow+1, j-startColumn+1]];
rep[i_,j_] := oldMatrix[[i,j]];
Array[rep, Dimensions[oldMatrix]]
];

Example :

In[6]:=replaceBlock[Array[x,{10,5}],Array[y,{2,4}],{3,2}]

Out[6]={{x[1,1],x[1,2],x[1,3],x[1,4],x[1,5]},
{x[2,1],x[2,2],x[2,3],x[2,4],x[2,5]},
{x[3,1],y[1,1],y[1,2],y[1,3],y[1,4]},
{x[4,1],y[2,1],y[2,2],y[2,3],y[2,4]},
{x[5,1],x[5,2],x[5,3],x[5,4],x[5,5]},
{x[6,1],x[6,2],x[6,3],x[6,4],x[6,5]},
{x[7,1],x[7,2],x[7,3],x[7,4],x[7,5]},
{x[8,1],x[8,2],x[8,3],x[8,4],x[8,5]},
{x[9,1],x[9,2],x[9,3],x[9,4],x[9,5]},
{x[10,1],x[10,2],x[10,3],x[10,4],x[10,5]}}

hth [you to improve your timing...]

Valeri

```

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