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How to tell Mathematica to stop conditional testing in an If statment if one condition is niether True or False? McCarthy evaluation rules? 'and then' test?
*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
*Subject*: [mg69525] How to tell Mathematica to stop conditional testing in an If statment if one condition is niether True or False? McCarthy evaluation rules? 'and then' test?
*From*: "Nasser Abbasi" <nma at 12000.org>
*Date*: Thu, 14 Sep 2006 06:57:17 -0400 (EDT)
*Reply-to*: "Nasser Abbasi" <nma at 12000.org>
I can better describe this with simple example:
------------- code ------------
Remove["Global`*"];
xc = Table[i, {i, 1, 3}]
x = 5;
If[x == b && xc[[10]] == 4, Print["True"], Print["False"], Print["Can't
decide"]]
----- end code -------------
In the above, 'x==b' is neither True nor False, since 'b' has no numerical
value.
But what I want is when this happens, for Mathematica to NOT continue with
the testing if xc[[10]]==4 is True (because even if it is True, it will
not change the outcome, which is can't decide.
I am looking for something like 'and then' which says to test the next
condition only if the one just tested was true.
The interesting thing is that if 'b' had a value, say 7, which makes the
first test (the x==b) to be False, then Mathematica does the right thing,
and will not try to check the xc[[10]]==4 condition. I need it to do the
same thing when also the result of the check is 'undecided', not just
'False' or 'True'.
Is there a way to do this? Notice in the example above, I get the error
that xc[[10]] is out of bound, but still get the can't decide message.
It is clear to me that the way Mathematica does it now is not the right way.
I do not see why it tries to check for xc[[10]]==4 when it will not make a
difference to the final result.
any thoughts?
thanks,
Nasser
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