MathGroup Archive 2007

[Date Index] [Thread Index] [Author Index]

Search the Archive

Re: Integral question

  • To: mathgroup at
  • Subject: [mg73726] Re: Integral question
  • From: "David W.Cantrell" <DWCantrell at>
  • Date: Sun, 25 Feb 2007 04:45:29 -0500 (EST)
  • Organization: NewsReader.Com Subscriber
  • References: <eropmh$9cb$>

Tulga Ersal <tersal at> wrote:
> Dear Mathematica users,
> Let's consider the integral
> Integrate[1/Sqrt[v^2 - c*s^2], s]
> where v and c are positive reals.

Might it also be that v^2 > c*s^2 is known?

> When I calculate the integral by hand, I get
> ArcSin[(Sqrt[c]*s)/v]/Sqrt[c]
> However, if I evaluate the integral in Mathematica, I get
> (I*Log[(-2*I)*Sqrt[c]*s + 2*Sqrt[-(c*s^2) + v^2]])/Sqrt[c]
> which not only does not look like what I have found by hand, but
> also, for v=4, c=2, s=1, for example, gives
> 0.255525 + 1.47039 i
> as opposed to just 0.255525.

Note that Mathematica's answer is also a correct antiderivative. Its answer
and yours merely differ by a constant of integration, namely, by

I Log[2 v]/Sqrt[c]

> If you evaluate the integral in Mathematica with the said values (v=4,
> c=2)
> Integrate[1/Sqrt[4^2 - 2*s^2], s]
> you get the answer
> ArcSin[s/(2*Sqrt[2])]/Sqrt[2]
> which agrees with what I have found by hand.
> My question is: How can I get what I found by hand using Mathematica
> without having to assign values to v and c before evaluating the
> integral? I tried adding the assumptions v>0, c>0, but it didn't help.

Unfortunately, using additional assumptions such as v^2 > c*s^2 doesn't
seem to help either.

At the moment, the closest I can come to getting what you want requires a
change of variable, letting u = Sqrt[c] s:

1/Sqrt[c]*Assuming[v^2 > u^2, FullSimplify[Integrate[1/Sqrt[v^2 - u^2],
u]]] Out[3]=
ArcTan[u/Sqrt[-u^2 + v^2]]/Sqrt[c]

% /. u -> Sqrt[c] s
ArcTan[(Sqrt[c]*s)/Sqrt[(-c)*s^2 + v^2]]/Sqrt[c]

I hope that someone else can do better.


  • Prev by Date: Re: Re: Fuction definition
  • Next by Date: Re: Roman Numerals
  • Previous by thread: Re: Integral question
  • Next by thread: Re: Integral question