       Re: all the possible minors of a matrix

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg73784] Re: all the possible minors of a matrix
• From: Roland Franzius <roland.franzius at uos.de>
• Date: Wed, 28 Feb 2007 04:36:08 -0500 (EST)
• Organization: Universitaet Hannover
• References: <es13bi\$o3s\$1@smc.vnet.net>

```Mark Novak schrieb:
> Hello,
>
> I'm trying to recode a script into Mathematica and am stuck.
>
> My problem in short:
> I need to calculate all minors of a matrix, but can't figure out a way
> to get Mathematica to do more than just a specifically assigned minor at
> a time (e.g., the minor produce by removing column 1, row 1).
>
> My problem in long version:
> (I've posted an explanation with example matrices and links to the code
> I have written at http://home.uchicago.edu/~mnovak/mathematicahelp.html)
>
> The original line is
> T:=matrix(n,n,(i,j)->permanent(minor(abs(A),j,i))):evalm(T);
>
> So, given a matrix A of dimensions n by n, determine the n x n different
> minors of the |A| matrix (each minor being of size n-1 by n-1), then
> calculate the permanent of each of these minors, and put the resultant
> single value into the relevant position of an n by n matrix.  That is,
> the permanent of the minor produced by removing the ith row and jth
> column goes into position (i,j).
>
> First we need to define how we want the Minor of a matrix to be
> calculated (Mathematica's "Minors" function does it in a way that we
> don't want.) Second, Mathematica doesn't have a function for calculating
> a matrix's permanent, so we need to define that function. (Both of these
> I got from searching the the Mathgroup forum.)
>
> Minor[m_List?MatrixQ, {i_Integer,
> j_Integer}]:=Abs[Drop[Transpose[A],{j}]],{i}]]
> Permanent[m_List]:=With[{v=Array[x,Length[m]]},Coefficient[Times@@(m.v),Times@@v]]
>
> Then the following does work....
>
> Minor[Abs[A],{1,3}]//MatrixForm
> Permanent[Minor[Abs[A],{i,j}]]/.{i->1,j->1}
>
> But the problem is that while I can do each of the Minor and Permanent
> calculations for specified rows i & columns j of the matrix, I can't
> figure out how to do all n x n possible combinations of i and j.

Drop lines and columns in the reverse order and calculate the Array of
minors

Array[(-1)^(#1 + #2)* Det[Drop[Transpose[Drop[x, {#2}]],
{#1}]]&, 	Dimensions[x]]

B = Adjunct[A = {{a, b, c}, {d, e, f}, {g, h, i}}]

{{-f h + e i, c h - b i, -c e + b f},
{f g - d i, -c g + a i, c d - a f},
{-e g + d h, b g - a h, -b d + a e}}

B.A/Det[A] == IdentityMatrix // Simplify

True

--

Roland Franzius

```

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