       Re: Re: Trouble with a system of equations

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg77538] Re: [mg77504] Re: Trouble with a system of equations
• From: DrMajorBob <drmajorbob at bigfoot.com>
• Date: Tue, 12 Jun 2007 01:24:57 -0400 (EDT)
• References: <5738359.1181600553361.JavaMail.root@m35>

```So the solution for k=3 is...

Clear[mi, obs, p, lp]
mi[k_] :=
mi[k] = Inverse@Apply[Times, Subsets /@ Tuples[{0, 1}, k], {2}];
obs[k_] := obs[k] = Array[p, {2^k}]
lp[k_] := lp[k] = Log[obs[k]/(1 - obs[k])]

mi.lp

{Log[p/(1 - p)], -Log[p/(1 - p)] +
Log[p/(1 - p)], -Log[p/(1 - p)] +
Log[p/(1 - p)], -Log[p/(1 - p)] + Log[p/(1 - p)],
Log[p/(1 - p)] - Log[p/(1 - p)] - Log[p/(1 - p)] +
Log[p/(1 - p)],
Log[p/(1 - p)] - Log[p/(1 - p)] - Log[p/(1 - p)] +
Log[p/(1 - p)],
Log[p/(1 - p)] - Log[p/(1 - p)] - Log[p/(1 - p)] +
Log[p/(1 - p)], -Log[p/(1 - p)] + Log[p/(1 - p)] +
Log[p/(1 - p)] - Log[p/(1 - p)] +
Log[p/(1 - p)] - Log[p/(1 - p)] - Log[p/(1 - p)] +
Log[p/(1 - p)]}

?

Bobby

On Mon, 11 Jun 2007 16:45:38 -0500, Ray Koopman <koopman at sfu.ca> wrote:

> On Mon, 11 Jun 2007 07:38:00 -0500 drmajorbob at bigfoot.com wrote:
>
>> There's an unmatched bracket in
>>
>>>    m = Inverse[ Subsets[Times@@#]& /@ Tuples[{0,1},k]] ].
>>
>> and I haven't found a way (so far) to correct it so that the code wor=
ks.
>>
>> Bobby
>
> Ah, the joys and perils of posting code without testing it first.
> Maybe someday I'll get Mathematica for my machine at home.
>
> Aside from the extra ], that must must have been teleported from
> LinearSolve[x,Log[p/(1-p)], where a ] is missing, the problem is
> that I simply copied the form of an example in the Subsets online
> documentation, with h changed to Times, not realizing that Times@@#
> would be evaluated before Subsets got to it.
>
> Here are two ways to get x:
>
>    ReleaseHold@Subsets[Hold@Times@@#]& /@ Tuples[{0,1},k]
>
> or (preferably, I think)
>
>    Times@@@Subsets@#& /@ Tuples[{0,1},k].
>
>
> With[{k = 2}, Inverse[ Times@@@Subsets@#& /@ Tuples[{0,1},k] ]]
>
> {{ 1, 0, 0, 0},
>  {-1, 0, 1, 0},
>  {-1, 1, 0, 0},
>  { 1,-1,-1, 1}}
>
> With[{k = 3}, Inverse[ Times@@@Subsets@#& /@ Tuples[{0,1},k] ]]
>
> {{ 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0},
>  {-1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0},
>  {-1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0},
>  {-1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0},
>  { 1, 0,-1, 0,-1, 0, 1, 0},
>  { 1,-1, 0, 0,-1, 1, 0, 0},
>  { 1,-1,-1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0},
>  {-1, 1, 1,-1, 1,-1,-1, 1}}
>
>>
>> On Mon, 11 Jun 2007 03:19:40 -0500, Ray Koopman <koopman at sfu.ca> wrot=
e:
>>
>>> On Jun 10, 4:26 am, Yaroslav Bulatov <yarosla... at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>> Hi, I'm trying to solve a certain kind of system of equations,
>>>> and while they are solvable by hand, Mathematica 6.0 has problems
>>>> solving it
>>>>
>>>> Here's an example
>>>>
>>>> eqns = {a + b + c + d == 4*m0, b + d == 4*m1, c + d ===
4*m2,
>>>> d == 4*m3} /. {a -> t0/(1 + t0), b -> (t0*t1)/(1 + t0*t1),
>>>> c -> (t0*t2)/(1 + t0*t2), d -> (t0*t1*t2*t3)/(1 + t0*t1*t2*t3)}
>>>> Solve[eqns, {t0, t1, t2, t3}]
>>>>
>>>> The solution can be found by hand and verified below
>>>>
>>>> sol = {t0 -> a/(1/4 - a), t1 -> (b/(1/4 - b))*((1/4 - a)/a),
>>>> t2 -> (c/(1/4 - c))*((1/4 - a)/a), t3 -> (m3/(1/4 - m3))*(a/(1/4 -
>>>> a))*((1/4 - b)/b)*((1/4 - c)/c)} /. {a -> m0 - m1 - m2 + m3,
>>>> b -> m1 - m3, c -> m2 - m3}
>>>> eqns /. sol // Simplify
>>>>
>>>> This is an example of estimating equations for a saturated logistic=

>>>> regression model with 2 independent variables. I'd like to see if
>>>> formulas also exist for more variables, but they are too cumbersome=

>>>> to solve by hand. Are there any Mathematica tricks I can use to
>>>>
>>>> Here's the procedure that generates the system of equations for d
>>>> variables (d=2 produces the system above)
>>>>
>>>> logeq[d_] := Module[{bounds, monomials, params,
>>>> partition,derivs,sums},
>>>>    xs = (Subscript[x, #1] & ) /@ Table[i, {i, 1, d}];
>>>>     monomials = Subsets[xs]; monomials = (Prepend[#1, 1] & ) /@=

>>>> monomials;
>>>>     monomials = (Times @@ #1 & ) /@ monomials;
>>>>     params = (Subscript[th, #1] & ) /@ Table[i, {i, 0, 2^d - 1}];=

>>>>     monomials = (Times @@ #1 & ) /@ Thread[{params, monomials}];
>>>>     partition = Log[1 + Exp[Plus @@ monomials]];
>>>>     derivs = (D[partition, Subscript[th, #1]] & ) /@
>>>>       Table[i, {i, 0, 2^d - 1}]; bounds = ({#1, 0, 1} & ) /@ xs;
>>>>     sums = (Table[#1, Evaluate[Sequence @@ bounds]] & ) /@ derivs=
;
>>>>     sums = (Plus @@ #1 & ) /@ (Flatten[#1] & ) /@ sums;
>>>>     Thread[sums == Table[Subscript[m, i], {i, 0, 2^d - 1}]]]
>>>
>>> Your're making the problem more complicated that it needs to be.
>>> A saturated model for k dichotomous predictors has 2^k cells and
>>> 2^k parameters. The parameter estimates are given by
>>>
>>>    LinearSolve[x,Log[p/(1-p)],
>>>
>>> where x is the design matrix, Dimensions[x] = {2^k,2^k},
>>> and p is the vector of observed proportions.
>>>
>>> For a closed-form solution you need to prespecify the dummy coding,
>>> the cell order, and the parameter order. If the dummy coding is {0,1=
},
>>> the cell order is as given by Tuples[{0,1},k],
>>> and the parameter order is as given by Subsets[Range[k]],
>>> then the closed-form solution is
>>>
>>>    m.Log[p/(1-p)],
>>>
>>> where
>>>
>>>    m = Inverse[ Subsets[Times@@#]& /@ Tuples[{0,1},k]] ].
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>
>>
>>
>> --
>> DrMajorBob at bigfoot.com
>>
>

-- =

DrMajorBob at bigfoot.com

```

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