NIntegrate and FindRoot error

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg75639] NIntegrate and FindRoot error
• From: "Judith Bunder" <bunder at phys.cts.nthu.edu.tw>
• Date: Mon, 7 May 2007 05:36:53 -0400 (EDT)
• References: <20070507050017.M68851@phys.cts.nthu.edu.tw> <463EC1B7.1080102@smc.vnet.net>

```Hi,

I have to perform a double integral. To evaluate the integrand I have to use
FindRoot and this seems to work as I can evaluate the integrand at
specific points and even make a 3D plot over the whole range. However, when
I try to use NIntegrate I get a FindRoot::"nlnum" error message:

Here is a simplified version of my code:

Ly = 3;
w = 5;
t2 = 1;
t1[kx_] := 2 t2 Cos[kx/2];

py[kx_, m_ /; m >= 1 && m <= Ly] := p/. FindRoot[(2 Ly + 1) p +ArcTan[ Tan
[p] (t1[kx] - t2)/(t1[kx] + t2)]==m Pi,{p,1}]

WG[kx1_, kx2_] := Sum[Sum[py[kx1, m1] py[kx2, m2],{m1,1,Ly-1}],{m2,1,Ly-1}]

Plot3D[Re[Exp[ I w (a2 - a1)] WG[a1, a2]], {a2, -Pi, Pi}, {a1, -Pi, Pi}]
Plot3D[Im[Exp[ I w (a2 - a1)] WG[a1, a2]], {a2, -Pi, Pi}, {a1, -Pi, Pi}]

NIntegrate[Exp[ I w (a2 - a1)] WG[a1, a2], {a2, -Pi, Pi}, {a1, -Pi, Pi}]

The NIntegrate command fails. It appears to be objecting to my Cos[2 kx]
function in the FindRoot command. I don't understand why it would object as
Plot3D over the same integrand worked.

Thanks a lot,
Judy Bunder

```

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