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Re: pattern matching against the Dt function?

  • To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
  • Subject: [mg85280] Re: pattern matching against the Dt function?
  • From: "Adam M." <adamm at san.rr.com>
  • Date: Tue, 5 Feb 2008 06:03:42 -0500 (EST)
  • References: <fo6h46$r20$1@smc.vnet.net> <47A738A7.4040408@gmail.com>

Thank you to everyone. I understand what's going on now. And I'm glad to 
find out about Trace[].

Thank you again!
-- Adam

Jean-Marc Gulliet wrote:
> Adam M. wrote:
>> Hello,
>>
>> I'm having trouble matching the Dt function with a pattern, even 
>> though it works for all other functions I've tried.
>>
>> (*It doesn't match Dt[b] here.*)
>> In[101]:= {f[a], Dt[b]} /. Dt[n_]->n
>> Out[101]= {f[a], Dt[b]}
>>
>> (*But it matches f[a] with no problem.*)
>> In[100]:= {f[a], Dt[b]} /. f[n_]->n
>> Out[100]= {a, Dt[b]}
>>
>> (*In a process of elimination, I tried another built-in function, D, 
>> and it worked fine.*)
>> In[99]:= {f[a], D[b]} /. D[n_]->n
>> Out[99]= {f[a], b}
>>
>> (*I tried another function more than one character long, Sin, and that 
>> works.*)
>> In[102]:= {f[a], Sin[b]} /. Sin[n_]->n
>> Out[102]= {f[a], b}
>>
>> (*The full forms all seem to follow the same pattern.*)
>> In[103]:= Sin[b] // FullForm
>> Out[103]//FullForm= Sin[b]
>>
>> In[104]:= Dt[b] // FullForm
>> Out[104]//FullForm= Dt[b]
>>
>> In[105]:= f[b] // FullForm
>> Out[105]//FullForm= f[b]
>>
>> (*I thought it might be related to the evaluation of the Dt function, 
>> so I tried Holding it. No luck.*)
>> In[111]:= {f[a], Hold[Dt[b]]} /. Dt[n_]->n
>> Out[111]= {f[a], Hold[Dt[b]]}
>>
>> (*However, it has no problem matching f[a] in a Hold.*)
>> In[112]:= {Hold[f[a]], Dt[b]} /. f[n_]->n
>> Out[112]= {Hold[a], Dt[b]}
>>
>> (*I tried looking at the attributes to find out if there was something 
>> special about the Dt function, but it doesn't seem like it...*)
>> In[116]:= Attributes[Sin]
>> Out[116]= {Listable, NumericFunction, Protected}
>>
>> In[117]:= Attributes[D]
>> Out[117]= {Protected, ReadProtected}
>>
>> In[118]:= Attributes[Dt]
>> Out[118]= {Protected}
>>
>> I've read every section on pattern matching in the documentation 
>> center, and I'm at a complete loss to explain why I can't seem to 
>> match the Dt function with the Dt[n_] pattern when I can match these 
>> other functions. I know I can use the _Dt pattern to match it, but 
>> then I don't get control over matching the arguments...
>>
>> Thank you.
>>
>> Very curious,
>> -- Adam M.
>>
> 
> Hi Adam,
> 
> For some reason the total derivative function Dt[n_] is expanding by the 
> pattern matcher as the product of the symbol Dt by the first partial 
> derivative of the pattern n_. No wonder that it cannot find Dt[b] after 
> that! You can see the expansion by using either FullForm or Trace, as in 
> the following example:
> 
> In[1]:= FullForm[Dt[n_]]
> 
> Out[1]//FullForm= Times[Dt[n], Derivative[1, 0][Pattern][n,
> 
>    Blank[]]]
> 
> In[2]:= {f[a], Dt[b]} /. Dt[n_] -> n // Trace
> 
> Out[2]=
>                         (1,0)
> {{{Dt[n_], Dt[n] Pattern     [n, _]},
> 
>                 (1,0)
>    Dt[n] Pattern     [n, _] -> n,
> 
>                 (1,0)
>    Dt[n] Pattern     [n, _] -> n},
> 
>   {f[a], Dt[b]} /.
> 
>                 (1,0)
>    Dt[n] Pattern     [n, _] -> n,
> 
>   {f[a], Dt[b]}}
> 
> In[3]:= $Version
> 
> Out[3]= 6.0 for Mac OS X x86 (64-bit) (June 19, 2007)
> 
> Regards,


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