       Re: Maximize Command - Problem

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg85910] Re: Maximize Command - Problem
• From: m.r at inbox.ru
• Date: Wed, 27 Feb 2008 04:30:51 -0500 (EST)
• References: <fpucl2\$m1l\$1@smc.vnet.net>

```On Feb 25, 6:34=A0am, Crazy Man <geller_gam... at hotmail.com> wrote:
> Well, Syd sent me an email and told me to try this:(well, I forgot to ment=
ion that we have to define a=1;b=1;c=1;d=1;)
>
> >fun[x_, y_, z_] =4*(a^2 + (b^2 + c^2 +d^2) (Cos[x])^2*(Cos[y])^2*(Cos[z=
])^2 + (b*Cos[x]*Cos[y]*Cos[z] +Cos[x]*Sin[y] + d*Sin[x])^2);
>
> And then:
>
> >Maximize[{fun, -Pi/2 < x < Pi/2 && -Pi/2 < y < Pi/2 && 0 < z < 2*Pi}, {x,=
y,z}]
>
> It displayed an error. So I modified to
>
> >Maximize[{fun[x, y, z], -Pi/2 < x < Pi/2 && -Pi/
>
> =A0 =A0 2 < y < Pi/2 && 0 < z < 2*Pi}, {x, y, z}]
>
> And the command runs for a while and then it displays my input.
> Omg, this is frustrating, I dont know what=B4s the problem.
>
> Thank you anyway Syd.

There's probably an easy way to prove that the maximum will be
attained for Cos[z] == 1, but there's also the brute force way:

In:= fun[x_, y_, z_] =
4 (a^2 + (b^2 + c^2 +d^2) (Cos[x])^2 (Cos[y])^2 (Cos[z])^2 +
(b Cos[x] Cos[y] Cos[z] + Cos[x] Sin[y] + d Sin[x])^2) /.
a|b|c|d -> 1;
Maximize[fun[x, y, z] /. s:x|y|z -> 2 ArcTan[s] // TrigExpand, {x, y,
z}]

Out= {16 + 4 Sqrt, {x ->
Root[1 - 44 #1^2 + 294 #1^4 - 44 #1^6 + #1^8 &, 1],
y -> Root[1 - 4 #1 - 10 #1^2 + 4 #1^3 + #1^4 &, 3], z -> 0}}

Then it can be verified that {x -> ArcSin[1/2 Sqrt[1 - 1/Sqrt]], y -
> ArcSin[Sqrt[1/13 (5 - 2 Sqrt)]], z -> 0} gives the same value and
satisfies the constraints for x and y, with z being on the boundary.

Maxim Rytin
m.r at inbox.ru

```

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