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Re: Bug in Pattern Matching with Condition?

  • To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
  • Subject: [mg97362] Re: Bug in Pattern Matching with Condition?
  • From: cesar <caguerra at gmail.com>
  • Date: Thu, 12 Mar 2009 02:15:03 -0500 (EST)
  • References: <goqpe7$lrn$1@smc.vnet.net> <goqugt$ngp$1@smc.vnet.net>

On Mar 11, 10:23 am, Albert Retey <a... at gmx-topmail.de> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> > can you elaborate a bit. According to the definition of Verbatim ,
>
> > Verbatim[Condition][_, _]] should match literally "Condition][_, _]" an=
d
>
> > not Condition[a, b].
>
> you need to be very carefully to where the Verbatim ends. I think
> everything is in order (this time even the documentation, although it is
> rather on the short side):
>
> Match the Condition-Head verbatim, but treat its arguments _,_ as a patte=
rn:
>
> In[6]:= MatchQ[Condition[a,b],Verbatim[Condition][_,_]]
> Out[6]= True
>
> Match the whole expression Condition[_,_] verbatim:
>
> In[7]:= MatchQ[Condition[a,b],Verbatim[Condition[_,_]]]
> Out[7]= False
> In[8]:= MatchQ[Condition[_,_],Verbatim[Condition[_,_]]]
> Out[8]= True
>
> > Therefore it looks more like  another bug to me and
>
> > adds to the mystery of why MatchQ[Condition[a, b], Condition[_, _]]
>
> > evaluates to False.
>
> I can see no bug and no mystery here. The problem is that patterns in
> Mathematica are built as Mathematica expressions just like everything
> else. If you want to match one of building blocks for
> pattern-expressions (or expressions containing them) verbatim, you need
> to wrap them with Verbatim, which seems rather straightforward once one
> has seen it. It's a little like the escape characters in string patterns
> that are unavoidable if you use strings to describe the patterns, as has
> been discussed in another thread.
>
> hth,
>
> albert

Finally, I think this is the point. It happens with all pattern
constructions
(I recently realize that Condition is a pattern ):

MatchQ[Pattern[a, b], HoldPattern[Pattern][_, _]]
MatchQ[Except[a], HoldPattern[Except][_]]

They give False if we apply HoldPattern to all the second argument.

I also realized that when doing pattern matching, patterns are
"evaluated"
inside the kernel even with HoldComplete wraped around.

MatchQ[HoldComplete[Except[a]], HoldComplete[Except[_]]]

of course, if we just hold the head we prevent evaluation:

MatchQ[Hold[Except][a], Hold[Except][_]]

Cheers and thanks all you,
Cesar


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