       Re: confused about == vs === in this equality

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg103769] Re: confused about == vs === in this equality
• From: Szabolcs Horvát <szhorvat at gmail.com>
• Date: Mon, 5 Oct 2009 13:16:01 -0400 (EDT)
• References: <20091003104738.LCJ3I.416659.imail@eastrmwml34> <ha9qqp\$7vi\$1@smc.vnet.net>

```On 2009.10.04. 12:44, Nasser Abbasi wrote:
> ?===
> lhs===rhs yields True if the expression lhs is identical to rhs, and yields
> False otherwise.
>
> ?==
> lhs==rhs returns True if lhs and rhs are identical.
>
> But looking at this example:
>
> a = ComplexInfinity;
>   If[a == ComplexInfinity, Print["YES"]]
>
> Expecting it would print "YES", but it does not. it just returns the whole
> thing unevaluated? But
>
> If[a === ComplexInfinity, Print["YES"]]
>
> does return YES.
>
> I guess I am a little confused about the "expression" bit in the definition.
>
> So, when using the 3"=", it is looking at the _value_ of the expression, but
> when using the 2"=", it is looking at the expression _as it is_, i.e.
> without evaluating it?  Is this the difference?  I've always used the 2"="
> for equality, now I have to be more careful which to use.
>

=== tests for structural equivalence, without taking into account any
mathematical meaning.  It yields True if and only if the FullForm of the
lhs and rhs look identical.

== tests for mathematical equivalence, AND is also used when writing
equations.  ComplexInfinity == ComplexInfinity won't give true because
the phase of ComplexInfinity is undetermined.  Comparing ComplexInfinity
to a finite number will always give False.

None of the two operators have any Hold* attributes, i.e. the lhs and
rhs are evaluated before the comparison is performed.

```

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