       Re: beginner question about syntax

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg109088] Re: beginner question about syntax
• From: Mike Bryniarski <melondisco at gmail.com>
• Date: Mon, 12 Apr 2010 22:59:42 -0400 (EDT)
• References: <hputp3\$lh7\$1@smc.vnet.net>

```For map to work you must be mapping over the elements of an
expression, be it a list like {a,b,c} or a generic expression like
f[a,b,c]
in your first example :
Map[Function[x, x^2], a]
a is an atomic symbol,  Map normally tries to apply the function to
level one of the expression but "a" has no level 1 this fails, what
you would want to use is:
Function[x, x^2][a]
In your second example what is going on is that a+b+c is really seen
by Mathematica as Plus[a,b,c],
so
Map[Function[x, x^2], a + b + c]
is really
Map[Function[x, x^2],Plus[a,b,c]]
and the function is applies to each element of the Plus statement
while keeping Plus as the "head" of the expression
an intermediate step might look something like:
Plus[Function[x, x^2][a],Function[x, x^2][b],Function[x, x^2][c]]
which becoms:
Plus[a^2,b^2,c^2]
or:
a^2+b^2+c^2

-Mike

On Apr 12, 6:48 am, AK <aaa... at googlemail.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I'm a fairly seasoned user of another system who's just started using
> Mathematica. Although at the moment I'm just playing around with
> Mathematica (without any specific task at hand), trying to figure out
> the Mathematica way of doing things from the documentation
> (particularly the examples) there are some things I can't seem to wrap
> my head around. For example, can anyone explain the outputs for the
> inputs below:
> In:= Map[Function[x, x^2], a]
> Out:= a
> In:=Map[Function[x, x^2], a + b + c]
> Out:= a^2 + b^2 + c^2
>
> If I enclose the second argument of Map[] inside a list, I get the
> expected output, but I don't understand what the operations given in
> the example above represent and why the outputs are what they are.
> Would appreciate an explanation for what's going here... thank you in