Re: problems with NMinimize

*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net*Subject*: [mg109434] Re: problems with NMinimize*From*: "Ingolf Dahl" <ingolf.dahl at telia.com>*Date*: Tue, 27 Apr 2010 04:05:38 -0400 (EDT)

Try with f[myVec_?(VectorQ[#,NumericQ]&), myParam_, myModel_] := < function definition> instead of your condition test at the end. The parenthesis around VectorQ[#,NumericQ]& is essential. I have tested with func[v_?(VectorQ[#, NumericQ] &)] := Mean[v] and that seems to work. Still I would like to be able to say to NMininize directly: "I understand that you do symbolic evaluation of f behind my back with the very best intentions, but this time I prefer to say NO to this - you should not even try." Best regards Ingolf Dahl From: Joe Hays [mailto:hays.joe at gmail.com] Sent: den 26 april 2010 15:34 To: Ingolf Dahl Cc: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net Subject: [mg109434] Re: [mg109420] Re: problems with NMinimize So, on this topic I'd like to ask the group for some pointers... First Observation: I generally have a vector function that I need to pass to NMinimize and/or FindMinimum. I have not had success with either of the following definitions, f(myVec_?NumericQ):= Module[{}, <body of function definition>] nor, f(myVec_?VectorQ):= Module[{}, <body of function definition>] the only thing I have found to work is, f(myVec_):= Module[{}, <body of function definition>]/;VectorQ[myVec,NumericQ] This was very difficult to find, and as I recall, I didn't find it in the documentation but in a forum posting. I hope the Wolfram folks consider adding an example when dealing with a vector valued function in their documentation. Now, a question: Not only do I have a vector valued function to be minimized but I also have additional arguments that I need to pass to the function for proper evaluation. So, if I make the following definition, f(myVec_, myParam_, myModel_):= Module[{}, <body of function definition>]/;VectorQ[myVec,NumericQ] where myParam is just a constant and myModel is a sybolic set of equations. If I then pass this function definition to NMinimize/FindMinimum by, myParam = <some Real constant>; myModel = <some symbolic equation>; NMinimize[ f[myVec, myParam, myModel], myVec ] will Mathematica try to symbolically evaluate myModel? Sorry, this is likely a Rookie question but I've had really poor performance with both NMinimize and FindMinimum with multiple problems I've tried with it. I'm trying to find reasons as to why this performance is so poor. It's likely due to my poor Mathematica code (in the body), or my formulation, however, I have been curious about this specific question for some time now. So, if anyone has more insight to this mechanism of bypassing symbolic evaluations (or not) your comments. Joe On Mon, Apr 26, 2010 at 7:32 AM, Ingolf Dahl < <mailto:ingolf.dahl at telia.com> ingolf.dahl at telia.com> wrote: Best LAI, Yes, if you followed the thread back, you see that we also have understood that we might introduce an extra function f(a_?NumericQ,b_?NumericQ, ...), but we (I guess I can include Alexey Popkov and Joe Hays in "we") sometimes find that way clumsy. If we ask Mathematica to evaluate NMinimize, this function is described to "minimizes f numerically with respect to x." But it does not only this: it also first tries to evaluate f symbolically. I find it reasonable that there should be a way to opt-out from this symbolic evaluation. It would be convenient to have an option to NMinimize for this purpose. Ingolf Dahl Sweden -----Original Message----- From: Anh Ngoc LAI [mailto: <mailto:laianhngoc at yahoo.com> laianhngoc at yahoo.com] Sent: den 26 april 2010 10:50 To: <mailto:mathgroup at smc.vnet.net> mathgroup at smc.vnet.net Subject: [mg109434] [mg109420] [mg109413] Re: problems with NMinimize Hi, One way to solve this problem (if i understand your problem) is to define your function so that only evaluates when its argument is numeric, as follow: f(a_?NumericQ,b_?NumericQ, ...) == ... LAI. --- On Sun, 4/25/10, Alexey Popkov < <mailto:lehin.p at gmail.com> lehin.p at gmail.com> wrote: From: Alexey Popkov < <mailto:lehin.p at gmail.com> lehin.p at gmail.com> Subject: [mg109434] [mg109420] [mg109413] [mg109405] Re: problems with NMinimize To: <mailto:mathgroup at smc.vnet.net> mathgroup at smc.vnet.net Date: Sunday, April 25, 2010, 6:25 AM "Ingolf Dahl" < <mailto:ingolf.dahl at physics.gu.se> ingolf.dahl at physics.gu.se> > Is there any serious Mathematica user in this forum, which has not > stumbled > on this problem one or several times, when NMinimize, or some other > function, tries to evaluate a numeric function symbolically first, before > inserting the numbers? Sometimes it would be nice to have an option, > SymbolicEvaluation->False, which could be set for NMinimize in these > cases. > It is not always so convenient to have to define an extra function just to > take care of this. I think there is a whole group of commands acting > similarly to NMinimize. > > Ingolf Dahl > Sweden I totally agree with you. I do not see anything reasonable in that obviously numerical function (for example, NMinimize, FindMinimum, etc.) is trying for some reason to perform symbolic computation.