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Re: discretized Laplacian or linear inverse problem with extremely
*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
*Subject*: [mg111446] Re: discretized Laplacian or linear inverse problem with extremely
*From*: Peter Pein <petsie at dordos.net>
*Date*: Mon, 2 Aug 2010 07:02:12 -0400 (EDT)
*References*: <hu7tmv$jl3$1@smc.vnet.net>
Am Thu, 3 Jun 2010 09:47:11 +0000 (UTC)
schrieb Igor <i.e.kozlov at gmail.com>:
> Hello!
>
> There are:
> A n*n matrix
> x n*1 matrix==column
> b n*1 matrix==column
> and the well known equation
> A.x==b
>
> I know columns x and b
> I want Mathematica to derive matrix A
>
> Of course, generally, this is a complicated problem, but
> in my case all values of matrix A are small (less than 20
> in absolute value) integers, because I am interested in a
> very special case.(I am looking for the matrix of discretized
> Laplacian in D={1,2,3,4} dimensions)
>
> As an example of my problem
> for (D=2) n=2 we have:
> x= {
> {f[1, 1]},
> {f[2, 1]},
> {f[1, 2]},
> {f[2, 2]}
> }
> b=
> {
> {-4 f[1, 1] + f[1, 2] + f[2, 1]},
> {f[1, 1] - 4 f[2, 1] + f[2, 2]},
> {f[1, 1] - 4 f[1, 2] + f[2, 2]},
> {f[1, 2] + f[2, 1] - 4 f[2, 2]}
> }
> and the solution (the matrix A) is
> -4 1 1 0
> 1 -4 0 1
> 1 0 -4 1
> 0 1 1 -4
>
> So, I would like Mathematica to do similar
> derivation of matrix A for me.
>
> I have the following questions:
>
> 1. Is there any method in Mathematica to find A from
> A.x==b if I know that this problem is well defined,
> I know x, b and that A elements have only integer values?
because A.x is row_i(A)*x you just need to extract the coefficients
from b (using your nesting of vectors):
In[3]:= Flatten[Outer[Coefficient,b,x,2],{2,3,4}]
Out[3]= {{-4,1,1,0},{1,-4,0,1},{1,0,-4,1},{0,1,1,-4}}
simple, isn't it?
Peter
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