       Re: More /.{I->-1} craziness, con brio

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg106595] Re: More /.{I->-1} craziness, con brio
• From: Richard Fateman <fateman at cs.berkeley.edu>
• Date: Sun, 17 Jan 2010 07:13:36 -0500 (EST)

```(con brio, musical notation for With Vigor).

With[{I=-I}, 3+4 I]  returns 3-4 I,    so clearly this could be used, as
someone mentioned waay back in this thread. Or can it?

Let us try   v=3+4I;   With[{I=-I},v]  returns 3+4I.

oops.  and

With[{1/5=OneFifth}, 3/5]

which gives an error message, that says that you can't use 1/5 as a
local variable because it is not a symbol.

It is true that Head[1/5] is Rational, and hence 1/5 is not a symbol.
But Head[I] is Complex, and is not a symbol either, and so should
not be allowed.  I suppose one could argue that error message is just
wrong. (but if you care, the explanation is below.)

But here is another one, in which we use E and Pi, each of which is a
Symbol.

With[{E = Pi}, E^x + Exp[x] + E + Cos[E]]

returns

-1 + E^x + Pi + Pi^x

Look at it carefully and see if you agree.

But if we do it in 2 steps,
v= E^x + Exp[x] + E + Cos[E]; With[{E=Pi},v]
then we get.. E + 2*E^x + Cos[E]

Now here's an explanation -- "With" is just a different implementation
of Module with more efficient local variables, and that last expression
is really something like this (we make up local variable name 1234 ..)

Module[{E\$1234=Pi},  E\$1234^x+Exp[x]+E\$1234+Cos[E\$1234]]
hence Exp[x] is unchanged..

The second version with v= ...

Module[{E\$1235=Pi},  E^x+Exp[x]+E+Cos[E]]

so NOTHING is changed.  (returning to I=-I, the name I\$1236 is a symbol...)

Anyway, the point here is that even if you think the smoke has cleared,
you might be mistaken.

I think that Mathematica is too complicated to explain accurately to
novices or it should be taught in high school.

On the other hand, pointing out that there are computer programs that
can do parts of symbolic mathematics generally (e.g. algebra, geometry,
trigonometry, calculus) is probably worth mentioning to students who are
keen to understand math, computing, and their relationship.

I heartily disagree with the sentiment that computer algebra or for that
matter, programming, has to be nearly so complicated.  To quote
Spiderman (or is it his Uncle Ben??),

"With [sic?!] great power comes great responsibility".

He didn't say "With great power comes great complexity".

RJF

```

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