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Re: := vs = in some function definitions

On 20/10/10 09:06, Sam Takoy wrote:
> Hi,
> Have read everything I could find regarding delayed assignment, I'm
> still not quite sure when to use which.
> For example, in the definition
> f[x_] = IdentityMatrix[50].Append[Range[1, 49], x];
> could there ever be any reason to use :=   ?
> It seems that using   :=  will condemn the function to repeated extra
> work every time its called. So could there be a situation where the use
> of ":=" for the above function is recommended?
> Many thanks in advance,
> Sam

It is not always the case that letting the RHS of a function definition 
pre-evaluate (by using =) will be free of problems. Consider, for example:

f[x_] = Expand[x]

Here the Expand function will evaluate immediately, and find nothing to 
do - leaving your function f as the Identity function!

In general, defining a function with = is not usually very helpful in 
speeding up code, and you always have to look for traps such as the 
above, so I would avoid it unless you actually need pre-evaluation for 
some reason.

David Bailey

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