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polynomial long division using Series[] and changing polynomial default

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  • Subject: [mg112391] polynomial long division using Series[] and changing polynomial default
  • From: "Nasser M. Abbasi" <nma at>
  • Date: Mon, 13 Sep 2010 03:13:37 -0400 (EDT)
  • Reply-to: nma at

Mathematica experts:

I need a way to tell Mathematica to reverse the default ordering it uses 
for polynomial.

The problem:

I have 2 uni-variants polynomials num(z) and den(z), I can do the 
polynomial num(z)/den(z) long division using the Series command


Where n is the maximum number of terms I want to see in the long 
division. This is a small example

num = 2 + z;
den = z^2 + 2*z + 1;
Normal[Series[num/den, {z, 0, 4}]]

2 - 3*z + 4*z^2 - 5*z^3 + 6*z^4

But due to Mathematica default ordering of polynomial, which is from low 
to high degree, the above is long division done as follows, when done by 

      1+ 2*z + z^2  | 2 + z

What I want is to do the long division as follows

      z^2 + 2*z + 1 | z + 2

Which, when done by hand, would result in : z^-1 - z^-3 + 2 z^-4 +....

The reason, is that I am using long division to find the inverse Z 
transform of H(z) = num(z)/den(z), and this is a causal discrete system, 
hence I need the result of the long division to come out in negative 
powers of z.

Once the result comes out in negative powers of z, then I can read the 
impulse response h(n) from the corresponding coefficients of z's.

Notice that Z transform is H(z)= Sum[ h(n) * z^(-n) ,{n,0,Infinity}].

So, I need the long division to happen as in the second form above.

i.e. I need the ordering of the polynomials to be from large degree to 
low degree (reverse what the default is).

I did not know how to tell Mathematica Series command to do the division 
num/den using this ordering.

I read this

But it is hard for me  to understand how to use the above information in 
the context of what I am trying to do.

Is there any easy way to change this ordering so that Series[] will 
return the answer that I wanted? Is there Some option or may be some 
global setting I need to set?


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