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Re: Extracting some elements, members of another list

  • To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
  • Subject: [mg112429] Re: Extracting some elements, members of another list
  • From: Peter Pein <petsie at dordos.net>
  • Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2010 04:39:18 -0400 (EDT)
  • References: <i6nedc$g8u$1@smc.vnet.net>

Am Tue, 14 Sep 2010 09:14:20 +0000 (UTC)
schrieb Nacho <ncc1701zzz at gmail.com>:

> Hi!
> 
> I would like your advice about this problem:
> 
> I have a list of elements, consisting in phone numbers with some data:
> 
> list1= { { phone1, data1}, {phone2, data2}, {phone3, data3} .... }
> 
> And a list of phones, a subset of the phone numbers in list1
> 
> list2= {phone2, phone3, phone7... }
> 
> I'd like to extract the elements from list1 whose phone numbers are
> present in list 2, that is:
> 
> result= { { phone2, data2}, {phone3, data3, {phone7, data7} .... }
> 
> I've used this with small lists and it works fine:
> 
> result = Select[list1, MemberQ[list2, #[[1]]] &];
> 
> The problem is that now I would like to use it with big lists. list1
> is over 1.000.000 elements long and list2 is about 500.000 elements
> long.  Ordering is not a problem, I could resort the lists.
> 
> Any hint to extract this list faster? It seems to take a lot of time
> (estimation is about 5 hours and I have to do it repeatedly)
> 
> 
> Thanks!
> 

Hi Nacho,

you can convert list1 to a list of rules by

phonedatarules = Dispatch[Rule @@@ list1];

this needs only to be done once and needs ~11 seconds with 10^6
entries in list1 on my laptop.
 Then use

thewanteddata=Transpose[{list2,list2/.phonedatarules}];
(~8 seconds with a random list of 464696 entries)

and you'll get sth. like
Take[thewanteddata,5]//InputForm
-->
{
 {Subscript[phone, 764884], Subscript[data, 764884]}, 
 {Subscript[phone, 127257], Subscript[data, 127257]}, 
 {Subscript[phone, 113745], Subscript[data, 113745]}, 
 {Subscript[phone, 279308], Subscript[data, 279308]}, 
 {Subscript[phone, 478296], Subscript[data, 478296]}
}


Regards,
 Peter



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