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Re: problem to define a complex variable

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  • Subject: [mg116676] Re: problem to define a complex variable
  • From: Daniel Lichtblau <danl at>
  • Date: Wed, 23 Feb 2011 05:26:44 -0500 (EST)

tarun dutta wrote:
> i want to use complex variable such as
> c[i_]=re[i]+I*im[i]
> then I get
> conj[c[i]] =re[i]-I*im[i]
> by stating
> conj[a_]:=complexexpand[conjugate[a]];
> but now i am writing
> c[i_][t_]=re[i][t]+I*im[i][t]
> but i am not getting
> conj[c[i][t]]=re[i][t]-I*im[i][t]
> by stating
> conj[a_]:=ComplexExpand[Conjugate[a[i][t]]]
> is there any way of writing this thing?
> any help will be very much appreciated.
> regards,
> tarun

The result below looks about right to me.

In[327]:= c[i_][t_] := re[i][t] + I*im[i][t]
conj[a_] := ComplexExpand[Conjugate[a]]

In[329]:= conj[c[i][t]]
Out[329]= -I im[i][t] + re[i][t]

This was in version 8. A bug in earlier versions caused the various 
entities to be regarded as "complex valued". So you would see something 
like below. By the way, it would save people like myself a lot of time 
if you actually show your input and output, so nobody has to guess at 
the nature of teh problem.

Out[4]= -Im[im[i][t]] + I (-Im[re[i][t]] - Re[im[i][t]]) + Re[re[i][t]]

To work around this I'd suggest postprocessing with Simplify, giving 
assumptions that re[i][t] and im[i][t] are both real valued.

Daniel Lichtblau
Wolfram Research

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