Re: Generating Arbitrary Linear Combinations of Functions

*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net*Subject*: [mg120366] Re: Generating Arbitrary Linear Combinations of Functions*From*: DrMajorBob <btreat1 at austin.rr.com>*Date*: Wed, 20 Jul 2011 06:32:34 -0400 (EDT)

You say "this works well", but it actually can't, since f -- as you used it in defining "Data" -- is undefined. (You didn't give us all the code.) So I'll build the model, only. Clear[f, a, z, c] f[a_?NumberQ, x_?NumberQ, xi_?NumberQ, c_?NumberQ] := c Exp[-a (x - xi)^2/2]/Sqrt@a; f[a_, z_, c_][x_] := f[a, x, z, c] n = 10; aVec = Array[a, n]; zVec = Array[z, n]; cVec = Array[c, n]; model = Total@Through[(f @@@ Transpose@{aVec, zVec, cVec})@x] f[a[1], x, z[1], c[1]] + f[a[2], x, z[2], c[2]] + f[a[3], x, z[3], c[3]] + f[a[4], x, z[4], c[4]] + f[a[5], x, z[5], c[5]] + f[a[6], x, z[6], c[6]] + f[a[7], x, z[7], c[7]] + f[a[8], x, z[8], c[8]] + f[a[9], x, z[9], c[9]] + f[a[10], x, z[10], c[10]] Then, after f[oneArgument_] and "data" have ALSO been defined: nlm = NonlinearModelFit[data, model, Flatten@{aVec, zVec, cVec}, x] Bobby On Tue, 19 Jul 2011 05:55:32 -0500, Thomas Markovich <thomasmarkovich at gmail.com> wrote: > Hi All, > > I'm trying to curve fit an arbitrary linear combination of distributed > gaussians to a function -- each with their own set of parameters. > Currently, > if I want to use twenty functions, I do the following > > f[a_?NumberQ, x_?NumberQ, xi_?NumberQ, c_?NumberQ] := ( > c E^(- a (x - xi)^2/2))/Sqrt[a/=F0]; > Data := Table[{n/50, N[f[n/50]]}, {n, -300, 300}]; > > model = f[a1, x, x1, c1] + f[a2, x, x2, c2] + f[a3, x, x3, c3] + > f[a4, x, x4, c4] + f[a5, x, x5, c5] + f[a6, x, x6, c6] + > f[a7, x, x7, c7] + f[a8, x, x8, c8] + f[a9, x, x9, c9] + > f[a10, x, x10, c10] + f[a11, x, x11, c11] + f[a12, x, x12, c12] + > f[a13, x, x13, c13] + f[a14, x, x14, c14] + f[a15, x, x15, c15] + > f[a16, x, x16, c16] + f[a17, x, x17, c17] + f[a18, x, x18, c18] + > f[a19, x, x19, c19] + f[a20, x, x20, c20]; > nlm = NonlinearModelFit[Data, > model, {a1, x1, c1, a2, x2, c2, a3, x3, c3, a4, x4, c4, a5, x5, c5, > a6, > x6, > c6, a7, x7, c7, a8, x8, c8, a9, x9, c9, a10, x10, c10, a11, x11, > c11, > a12, x12, c12, a13, x13, c13, a14, x14, c14, a15, x15, c15, a16, x16, > c16, > a17, x17, c17, a18, x18, c18, a19, x19, c19, a20, x20, c20}, x]; > > > > This works well but it becomes tedious to create these linear > combinations > by hand. It would be wonderful to create a linear combination of > functions > with a vector of coefficients for a, xi, and c. I am just unsure of how > to > approach this and I was hoping that you guys could offer some insight > into > this. > > > > Best, > > > > Thomas -- DrMajorBob at yahoo.com