Re: Plotting discontinuities using Exclusions

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg122762] Re: Plotting discontinuities using Exclusions
• From: DrMajorBob <btreat1 at austin.rr.com>
• Date: Thu, 10 Nov 2011 06:50:33 -0500 (EST)
• Delivered-to: l-mathgroup@mail-archive0.wolfram.com
• References: <201111091125.GAA11166@smc.vnet.net>
• Reply-to: drmajorbob at yahoo.com

```f = (x^2 - 2 x)/(x - 2);
label = ToString@Factor@Numerator@f/ToString@Denominator@f;
Plot[f, {x, 0, 4}, PlotLabel -> label,
Exclusions -> Reduce[Denominator[f] == 0, x]]

Bobby

On Wed, 09 Nov 2011 05:25:48 -0600, John Accardi <johnaccardi at comcast.net>
wrote:

> Goal: Display the definition of a rational function in factored form
> to better see points of discontinuities, like holes and then plot
> the function showing the hole.
>
> Example 1:
>
> The following does the graph correctly, showing a gap at x = 2 but
> requires an undesirable function definition (I want to specify
> the numerator factored).
>
> f = (x^2 - 2 x)/(x - 2)
>
> (-2 x + x^2)/(-2 + x)
>
> Plot[f, {x, 0, 4}, Exclusions -> Reduce[Denominator[f] == 0, x]]
>
>
> Example 2:
>
> More desirable is to show the function with numerator factored so
> students can see the zero of the bottom being the same as the zero
> in the top for the hole.  For example, the following shows the function
> definition
> as desired but the graph then does not show the gap for the hole:
>
> f = x (x - 2)/(x - 2)
>
> x
>
> Plot[f, {x, 0, 4}, Exclusions -> Reduce[Denominator[f] == 0, x]]
>
> I suspect that Mathematica does the cancellation (outputting x) and
> therefore
> loses sight of the discontinuity for the plot.
>
> Question:
>
> How can I use the function definition of Example 2 and the plot output
> of Example 1 in one sequence?  (I want to prevent the simplification
> Mathematica does when processing the function definition.)
>
> Thanks for any insights.
>

--
DrMajorBob at yahoo.com

```

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