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MathGroup Archive 2012

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Splitting sums in mathematica

  • To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
  • Subject: [mg126817] Splitting sums in mathematica
  • From: jimbo <james.a.gordon1 at googlemail.com>
  • Date: Sat, 9 Jun 2012 03:08:02 -0400 (EDT)
  • Delivered-to: l-mathgroup@mail-archive0.wolfram.com

Hello,

Does anyone know of a way to algebraically split sums (if that is the
correct name for it) in mathematica? I need to do the following (and
higher-order versions of the same)...

Sum_over_p [  Sum_over_q (  a_p * a_q  )   ] = Sum_over_p_equal_q
(a_p^2) + Sum_over_p_not_equal_q (a_p*a_q)

...in other words, turn a nested sum running over two indices into two
sum, one for when the indices are equal, and one for when they are
different?

I then need to make some substitutions once there are no nested sums
and simplify my answer. I have an equation with many hundreds of terms
in it, so doing it by hand is not an option. I can send a typeset
example if anyone needs clarification

I have version 5.2 for students

Thanks in advance

James



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