Re: Differencing two equations

*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net*Subject*: [mg131485] Re: Differencing two equations*From*: "djmpark" <djmpark at comcast.net>*Date*: Mon, 5 Aug 2013 23:09:10 -0400 (EDT)*Delivered-to*: l-mathgroup@mail-archive0.wolfram.com*Delivered-to*: l-mathgroup@wolfram.com*Delivered-to*: mathgroup-outx@smc.vnet.net*Delivered-to*: mathgroup-newsendx@smc.vnet.net*References*: <20130210082414.C3A5F6937@smc.vnet.net> <kfae2p$m4o$1@smc.vnet.net> <6814623.17519.1375697295577.JavaMail.root@m06>

Inner is also sometimes a useful construct for this. eqn1 = a1 == a2; eqn2 = b1 == b2; Inner[Plus, eqn1, eqn2, Equal] a1 + b1 == a2 + b2 Inner[Plus, eqn1, Minus /@ eqn2, Equal] a1 - b1 == a2 - b2 Inner[Plus, eqn1, 3 # & /@ eqn2, Equal] a1 + 3 b1 == a2 + 3 b2 David Park djmpark at comcast.net http://home.comcast.net/~djmpark/index.html From: David Bailey [mailto:dave at removedbailey.co.uk] On 11/02/2013 09:36, Murray Eisenberg wrote:> Yeah, Mathematica stubbornly refuses t > >> I'm brand new to Mathematica, so I apologize for the naive questions... >> >> I'm trying to figure out how to difference two equations. Basically if I have: >> a==r >> b==s >> >> I'd like to get: >> a-b == r-s >> >> What I'm getting is more like (a==r) - (b==s). I'm not sure how that's a useful result, but is there a function to do what I'm looking for? >> >> A quick search of the archives seem to bring up ways of doing this from using transformation rules to swap heads to unlocking the Equals operator and hacking its behavior. I'd like to avoid doing that kind of rewiring for a simple operation, and I'd like to keep the syntax clean. >> >> The Core Language documentation makes a big point of how everything is basically a list with different heads. In this case, what I'm trying to do would work if it were treated as a list ({a,b}-{r,s} returns {a-b,r-s}) but doesn't work under Equal. >> >> Thanks for any suggestions. > I think it helps to manipulate algebraic expressions in a way that makes it easy to understand when you come back to a notebook sometime later! So my approach would be to define a function to subtract equations, so that it is pretty obvious what is going on! In[16]:= subtract[a1_ == a2_, b1_ == b2_] := (a1 - b1) == (a2 - b2) In[17]:= subtract[x + 3 y == 6, x - y == 2] Out[17]= 4 y == 4 This also has the advantage that if you accidentally supply an argument that is not an equality, you will not get a misleading answer! A slightly more general function might take a third argument that would act as a multiplier of the second equality: In[20]:= combine[a1_ == a2_, b1_ == b2_, k_] := (a1 + k b1) == (a2 + k b2) In[21]:= combine[x + 3 y == 6, x - y == 2, -1] Out[21]= 4 y == 4 In[23]:= combine[x + 3 y == 6, x - y == 2, 3] // Simplify Out[23]= x == 3 (You could also include the Simplify as part of your combine function) David Bailey http://www.dbaileyconsultancy.co.uk