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test from Steve c

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  • Subject: test from Steve c
  • From: Steve Christensen <uunet!!stevec>
  • Date: Wed, 15 Aug 90 14:20:42 -0500
  • Cc:  at

I am just testing to see if Mailing List mail is getting to
you.  Please ignor.

Steve C.
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Date: Wed, 15 Aug 90 14:21:19 -0500
From: Steve Christensen <uunet!!stevec>
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Subject: test from Steve C

I am just testing to see if Mailing List mail is getting to
you.  Please ignor.

Steve C.
>From chris  Wed Aug 15 15:14:50 1990
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From: chris
To: cworld

US/World Headline News



(AUG. 15) UPI - Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, spurned by most of his
Arab allies after invading Kuwait, tried Wednesday to neutralize
Western "evil forces" and secure his eastern flank by making a surprise
peace offer to neighboring Iran.

Saddam's proposal, which includes a prisoner exchange and a withdrawal
of troops from border areas, came as Jordan's King Hussein arrived in
the United States Wednesday with a Jordanian-Iraqi plan for solving the
Persian Gulf crisis.

An Arab diplomat said the plan called for an international conference
to settle the gulf dispute, provided no more troops are sent into the

President Bush, who plans to meet with Hussein Thursday, has warned
that Jordan may be undermining efforts to enforce a U.N.-ordered trade
embargo that was imposed against Iraq after Baghdad invaded and
occupied Kuwait Aug. 2 in an oil and border dispute. Thousands of Iraqi
troops now are massed on the Saudi border, prompting the deployment of
a multi-national force dominated by U.S.  troops.

Bush, in an address to some 2,000 employees at the Pentagon, defended
the U.S. troop presence in Saudi Arabia and the gulf and called it "one
of the most important deployments of allied military power" since World
War II.

Bush is considering mobilizing the military reserves to help fill in
domestically for the tens of thousands of active-duty men and women who
are shipping out to Saudi Arabia, Pentagon officials said Wednesday.

The president can call up to 200,000 reservists for up to 180 days
without having to obtain prior congressional approval, the Pentagon

In Iraq's four-point proposal to Iran, broadcast on state-run Baghdad
radio, Saddam offered to start withdrawing his troops from border
positions within 48 hours if Iran accepted the plan.

"(Improved Iran-Iraq ties) will open the way for serious interaction
with all (Moslem) believers for confronting evil forces which are after
harming Moslems and the Arab nation," Saddam said in an apparent
reference to the U.S. troop build-up.

State-owned Tehran radio said Iraq had offered to withdraw Iraqi troops
from hundreds of square miles of Iranian border territory captured
during the last stages of fighting, and to share sovereignty over the
strategic Shatt al Arab waterway in the northern gulf.

News that Iraq might be willing to negotiate a settlement to the
Persian Gulf crisis sent the Tokyo stock market Wednesday rocketing to
its second-biggest one-day rally of the year, rebounding from its
recent drop after Japan agreed to abide by the embargo. The talk of
peace, however, prompted a flurry of dollar-selling in Europe and
Japan. In Frankfurt, the dollar plunged to a record postwar low of
1.5625 German marks.

The Pentagon said 45,000 heavily armed Marines were arriving in Saudi
Arabia to confront Iraq in Operation Desert Shield, joining 26,000 U.S.
troops already in the oil-rich kingdom as of Tuesday.

In Saudi Arabia, Brig. Gen. Turk Bin Nasser, a member of the Saudi
royal family, said his own forces had no qualms about fighting fellow
Arabs should Iraqi troops attack the kingdom.

"We would not like to see Arabs fighting Arabs, but if we have to we
will do it," the general told reporters in a military pool.

Iraq said about 3,000 Americans stranded in Iraq and occupied Kuwait
were still being prevented from leaving the troubled region and no
timetable had been set for their departure.

Haitham al Najjar, first secretary of the Iraqi Embassy in Washington,
said the Americans were being detained "due to the exceptional

ABC News, quoting sources in Iraq's foreign ministry in Baghdad, said
Tuesday night that Iraq has labeled Americans in Iraq and Kuwait as
"restrictees" who will not be allowed to leave until the crisis in the
Persian Gulf is resolved.

In Kuwait, some of the bravest resistance to the Iraqi occupation came
from groups of women protesting in the streets, The Washington Post

A Post correspondent saw about 60 women demonstrate Aug. 6 in the
Rumaithiya neighborhood of Kuwait City. No Iraqi troops were present.

"We don't want Iraq. We don't want Saddam (Hussein)," one woman said.

Another woman said, "All women of Kuwait are resenting this (invasion).
They are protesting this."

The report said Iraqi troops had begun firing at the women and cited
one unconfirmed account that four people, including a 16-year-old girl,
had died of injuries received during an Aug. 8 protest in the Jabiriya


WASHINGTON (AUG. 15) UPI - President Bush, rallying U.S. servicemen
behind the sweeping American military action in the Persian Gulf,
called on the  nations of the world Wednesday to "ensure that no goods
get in - and that not one drop of oil gets out" of Saddam Hussein's

On the eve of critical talks with King Hussein of Jordan, a country
through which Saddam has reportedly been shipping supplies despite
U.N.-ordered sanctions, Bush said, "Our action in the gulf is about
fighting aggression - and preserving the sovereignty of nations.

"It is about keeping our word - our solemn word of honor - and standing
by old friends," he added.

Bush, renewing his call on Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, made the
remarks at the Pentagon to some 2,000 Pentagon employees shortly after
receiving a high-level briefing on the crisis in the gulf.

Telling the military personnel that they had launched over the past 10
days "one of the most important deployments of allied military power
since the Second World War," Bush lashed out at the Iraqi president
for  the Aug. 2 invasion of Kuwait and pointed to his growing

"The American people are with us. Congress is with us. Our allies are
with us. And the vast majority of the Arab people are with us," Bush
declared. "No one should doubt our staying power or our determination."

Bush arranged to resume his work-play vacation at Kennebunkport, Maine,
flying back immediately after his Pentagon briefing and pep talk. He
meets at a critical juncture in the standoff with Hussein, a longtime
friend, at the seaside resort on Thursday.

"Sanctions are working," Bush said of the economic stranglehold put in
place by the U.N. Security Council. "Ships of numerous countries are
sailing with ours to see that the United Nations sanctions - approved
without dissent - are enforced. And together we must ensure that no
goods get in and that not one drop of oil gets out."

Bush's call for concerted international action to support a tightly
drawn quarantine against Iraq carried a special message for the
Jordanian king, whose nation is torn between the Western blockade and
the economic cost of halting trade with Iraq.

Hussein, carrying a peace plan he drafted with Saddam, arrived at
Andrews Air Force Base outside Washington early Wednesday.

Bush said he was unaware what the two Arab neighbors plan to recommend,
but maintainted that he wants Hussein to halt any and all Iraqi-bound
shipments through Jordan. If he fails to do so, the president says,
U.S. forces may.

On Tuesday, Bush said he does not believe that Saddam sees the
Americans as shields against U.S. attacks. "But it's a troubling
situation when people are held against their will," he told a White
House news conference.

ABC News, quoting sources in Iraq's foreign ministry in Baghdad, said
Tuesday night that Iraq has labeled Americans in Iraq and Kuwait as
"restrictees" who will not be allowed to leave until the crisis in the
Persian Gulf is resolved.

White House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater said he was not familiar with
the report and thus could not comment on it.

The president also offered no hope of a diplomatic solution soon to
settle the showdown between Iraq and much of the world over Baghdad's
Aug. 2 takeover of Kuwait.

"I don't see it right now," he said. "But as (U.N.-backed economic)
sanctions take effect - and it's going to take awhile - I would hope
there would be a diplomatic solution."


PARIS (AUG. 15) UPI -  France Wednesday denied reports of a rift among
the Western powers over the Persian Gulf crisis Wednesday, saying it
was  prepared "to do what needs to be done" to enforce the
U.N.-endorsed  trade embargo against Iraq.

A spokesman for the presidential Elysee Palace said so far no attempt
has been made to break the sanctions, and that France's position is
"equivalent" to that of the United States and Britain.

The French have the second largest millitary presence among the Western
nations in the Middle East.

French officials also said the U.N. Security Council should further
define the role of the Western naval forces in enforcing the embargo
amid stepped up military and diplomatic efforts to maintain the

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, meanwhile, sent a defense
minister to the Middle East to bolster Arab support for the
multinational military force in the Gulf. Alan Clark, the British
minister for defense procurement, will meet with leaders in Qatar,
Bahrain, Abu Dhabi and Dubai.

Britain reinforced its naval contingent by ordering four more warships
to the Persian Gulf and East Mediterranean to join 7 British vessels
already in the region, and Turkey prevented two ships from unloading
food cargo destined for Iraq.

Turkish officials said a Moroccan and Danish vessel were prevented from
unloading frozen meat cargo meant for Iraq when they arrived at the
southern Turkish port of Mersin.

A third ship flying the Mexican flag and carrying cargos for both
Turkey and Iraq was allowed to unload only the goods meant for Turkey.

Turkey, the first state in the region to say it would comply with U.N.
Security Council sanctions imposed on Iraq for invading Kuwait on Aug 2
and annexing it, has closed a twin oil pipeline running through its
territory from Iraq's Kirkuk oilfields to a Mediterranean terminal.

Turkey was earning $300 million in transit charges for the pipelines,
and officials said losses from suspended trade with Iraq could reach $3
billion a year.

Italian Foreign Minister Gianni De Michelis, speaking on the eve of a
European Community mission to Amman, indicated at a news conference
that he and two other European foreign ministers visiting the Jordanian
capital Thursday will offer the prospect of financial aid to Jordan to
try and help it resolve its problems in return for closing one of the
last remaining conduits for food and materials to reach Iraq via the
Red Sea port of Aqaba.

President Bush has said Jordan may be undermining efforts to enforce
the U.N.-ordered trade embargo. Thousands of Iraqi troops now are
massed on the Saudi border, prompting the deployment of a
multi-national force dominated by U.S. troops.

French President Francois Mitterrand, who has maintained that French
forces would operate independently but in solidarity of those from the
United States, also continued his diplomatic offensive which included
12 envoys dispatched to 24 countries and to the Palestine Liberation

One of the emissaries, Claude Cheysson, a former foreign minister who
met Tuesday with PLO leader Yasser Arafat in Tunis, said the
Palestinian leader had pledged to intervene for the release of French
citizens trapped in Kuwait and Iraq. Other envoys traveled to Syria,
Jordan, Yemen, Oman, Turkey and Yugoslavia.


UNITED NATIONS (AUG. 15) UPI -  U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de
Cuellar Wednesday hailed Iraq's offer to withdraw troops from occupied
Iranian territory and repatriate prisoners of war as a "major new
development" toward implementing a 1987 U.N. peace plan.

Perez de Cuellar said in a statement he welcomed the proposal made by
Iraqi President Sassam Hussein in a letter to Iranian President Ali
Hashemi Rafsanjani.

The U.N. chief said the letter, which was "being carefully studied,"
appeared to represent "a major new development in the efforts aimed at
implementing" U.N.  Security Council Resolution 598, adopted in July
1987 to end the war.

Iran and Iraq suspended their nearly eight-year war in 1988 under a
cease-fire proposed under the resolution.

But the two sides failed to agree on all aspects of the plan, which
also called for a withdrawal to internationally recognized borders, an
exchange of prisoners and the establishment of a committee to determine
which side started the war.

Perez de Cuellar said he "was encouraged" by Iraq's offer to begin
withdrawing troops Friday from occupied Iranian land, as well as to
repatriate prisoners of war the same day.

He added he had instructed U.N. observers at the Iran-Iraq border "to
be at the disposal of the parties."

The Iraqi proposal came amid a Persian Gulf crisis triggered by
Iraq's Aug. 2 invasion and occupation of Kuwait. Iraqi troops later
massed on the Kuwaiti-Saudi border, prompting the deployment of U.S.
and other troops in Saudi Arabia.

Analysts said Iraq's peace offer to Tehran may have been intended to
ease pressure on Iraq's eastern border with Iran while Baghdad
confronts the Western troops in Saudi Arabia.

The United States and Britain also have imposed a de facto blockade on

Amid the crisis, an American source said the ambassadors of the five
permanent members of the Security Council "are waiting to receive
instructions from their governments after yesterday's meeting in
Washington to discuss the reactivation of the U.N.'s Military Staff

The committee would coordinate joint U.N. military activity. The Soviet
Union suggested the committee be reactivated because of concern over
military action in the gulf. The suggestion followed controversy over
the U.S. and British blockade.

The five permanent members are United States, Soviet Union, Great
Britain, France and China. One country acts as coordinator on a monthly
rotating basis and this month's coordinator is the French ambassador,
Pierre Louis Blanc.

France was expected to call a meeting of the five members once the
ambassadors received their instructions.

The ambassadors from the five nations met Tuesday in Washington with
Robert Kimmit, undersecretary of state for political affairs, to
discuss a possible role for the U.N. Military Staff Committee. The
consultations were to continue in New York, possibly Friday, according
to diplomatic sources.

Although the Military Staff Committee meets secretly every two weeks,
it never has been used because Security Council members have not been
able to agree about its functions. It was conceived as a general staff
responsible to the Security Council for overall strategic planning and
technical advice on military issues.

The U.N. military committee is comprised of representatives of the
military chiefs of staff of the five permanent security council
members.  Representatives of other U.N members can be invited as

It was not clear what role the Military Staff Committee would take in
the crisis or whether it would replace or work with the U.S.-led
multinational force that is carrying out the blockade against trade to
and from Iraqi.

The Bush administration has shied from the term "blockade," instead
calling the attempt to prohibit commerce to and from Iraq an

The United States, at the request of the exiled government of
Iraqi-occupied Kuwait, has coordinated the multinational blockade of
goods going to and from Iraq.


(AUG. 15) UPI - Saudi Arabia will substantially cut oil deliveries to
U.S. oil companies and other large customers next month in a
reallocation of its exports, U.S. industry sources said Wednesday.

"They're cutting back September liftings by 15 to 20 percent in order
to reallocate their barrels," said one source, who commented on
condition he remain unidentified.

The source said he was told some of the reallocation would be sent to
European refineries owned by Kuwait, which has been unable to export
crude oil since the Aug. 2 occupation of its country by Iraq.


CAIRO (AUG. 15) REUTER - Egypt stopped an Iraqi vessel loaded with
foodstuffs entering the Suez canal on Wednesday because its agent
refused to pay its transit fees, Egypt's Middle East News Agency (MENA)

Despite mandatory economic sanctions imposed on Iraq by the United
Nations since Iraqi troops invaded Kuwait, Egypt has been allowing
Iraqi vessels to pass through the canal.

Egypt insists the waterway should remain open for all vessels
regardless of nationality.

But MENA said the shipping agent of this vessel, the Zein al-Qaws, had
refused to pay transit fees of 12,000 dollars. The agent said he was
acting on instructions from its owners, the Iraqi Maritime Company.

An Iraqi tanker with 83,000 tonnes of crude oil passed through the Suez
canal last week to the Mediterranean, despite a global oil import
embargo on Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil. Western warships heading for the Gulf
have also been using the canal.


SIDON, LEBANON (AUG. 15) UPI - Palestinian extremist leader Mohammed
Abul  Abbas urged his fighters Wednesday to "hit American interests" in
a show of solidarity with Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.

Abul Abbas, leader of the 150-strong Palestine Liberation Front
responsible for the 1986 hijacking of the Italian cruise ship Achille
Lauro, made the request to his followers in a statement released in
the  southern port city of Sidon, 24 miles south of Beirut.

"My strugglers, I call on you to hit American interests and all spying
centers affiliated with the Americans," Abul Abbas said.

It was not known if the extremist leader, who maintains a headquarters
in Iraq, was himself in the port city.

Abul Abbas also implied that the interests of conservative countries in
the Persian Gulf may also be targeted.

But observers speculated that the threat seemed essentially designed to
express solidarity with Saddam, whose invasion and annexation of Kuwait
has triggered a crisis in which a formidable multi-national but mostly
U.S. military force faces the Iraqi war machine along the Kuwaiti-Saudi

The PLF has bases in the Sidon region where Yasser Arafat, the chairman
of the Palestine Liberation Organization, maintains his largest
military presence in Lebanon.

The PLO has expressed solidarity with Saddam's invasion of Kuwait,
while Syria, which controls two thirds of Lebanon, with the exception
of the Sidon area, has opposed the incursion.

"I urge on you to strike at American presence in the (Persian) Gulf.
Open fire on our enemies everywhere and shake the land under the feet
of the aggressors," Abul Abbas said.

This week, hundreds of radical Palestinian guerrillas in southern
Lebanon reportedly enlisted to join Iraqi troops in any possible
confrontation with Western forces deployed in Saudi Arabia.

In the Achille Lauro hijacking, PLF guerrillas shot and killed Leon
Klinghoffer, a handicapped, elderly New Yorker, and tossed his body
into  the sea. The group had also launched a series of cross-border
attacks  against Israel.


SAUDI ARABIA (AUG. 15) UPI - Saudi fighter pilots Wednesday boasted
that they could defeat Iraq's air force and said they were finding it
easy to work with British and American pilots now flying missions with
them along the Kuwait-Saudi border.

And they said they had no qualms about fighting fellow Arabs if Saddam
Hussein decided to send his forces into the Saudi kingdom.

"Nobody likes war but if he wants to fight we will fight to the death,"
one Saudi pilot said Wednesday before the Saudi Air Force staged a
demonstration from a visiting pool of American journalists.

The Saudi pilots all speak English and have been trained in the United
Sates, and American and British planes make up the Saudi arsenal.

Now, with a multinational defense force forming here, a Saudi squadron
commander said Saudi, American and Britsh pilots are flying as a single
force under a single command.

"From the first day they arrived here that plan had to be implemented
before we leave the ground," the commander said.

A number of U.S. planes were seen parked outside an intricate hanger
and maintenance area on one Saudi air base visited by the Defense
Department pool.

He said Iraqi planes have been spotted along the Kuwait-Saudi border
but that none have crossed clearly into Saudi territory.

"I don't think it wise for them to cross that border, " he said. "We
will react to that. ... I'm confident that we could inflict heavy

The squadron commander, who said he got his first training in Selma,
Alabama, and had studied at other U.S. military installations, said "as
a military man" that he expected the Mideast standofff to be resolved
only through combat.

"I am here as an instrument of the hand of the politician, to use if
they need me," he said. Should it come to war, he said, "I'm not
afraid, ... I am ready."

A half dozen pilots interviewed before a scrambling of Saudi jets
expressed little doubt that they could defeat the Iraqi air force and
also do significant harm to Iraqi tanks and other ground forces.

And none said a potential war pitting Arab against Arab had made them
reluctant to fight. Ground rules prohibit use of their names.

"We have to put a leash on them," a Saudi commander said when asked how
eager his men were to take on the Iraqis. "We have to put a leash on me
" he said with a laugh.

The Saudi pilots said it has been easy for them to join forces with
Amercian and British pilots because of their training in the West.

"What are friends for," one pilot said when asked about the flux of the
outside air arsenal. "We are quite comfortable with the Royal Air Force
and the U.S. Air Force.

In addition to the F-15s, the Saudi air force has American-made F-5s,
AWACSs and C-130s and British-made Hawks, Lightnings and Tornadoes.

Inside one facility at the base was a reminder of the occassional
fights in the U.S. Congress over selling the Saudis American air

A plaque on one wall is inscribed with a 1986 quote from Sen. John
Chafee, R-R.I., from one Senate debate on arms sale that reads,. "In my
opinion, Saudi Arabia is a far better judge of its own defense needs
than the members of Congress."


NORFOLK, Va. (AUG. 15) UPI -  The aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy
battle group left port Wednesday as families awaited word on whether
it  would be the fourth carrier sent to the troubled Middle East.

The carrier left Norfolk Naval Station at 11 a.m. as about 150 family
members and friends yelled goodbyes. Several expressed concerned about
the possibility the carrier and other ships could be sent to the Middle

"I feel confident that they'll come back in one piece," said Kelly
Larson, whose husband, Steve, sailed away on one of the Kennedy's seven
support ships.

"Sure, we're all worried that they're going to the Persian Gulf but
we're all just going to hope for the best," she saaid

The official Navy position is the battle group will be available for
"potential relief" of the carrier USS Dwight D. Eisenhower battle
group, which is stationed in the Red Sea. Roughly 12,000 personnel make
up the Kennedy battle group.

The USS Saratoga group is in the Mediterranean and the USS Independence
is in the Gulf of Oman.

Navy officials in Norfolk said the Kennedy initially would carry out
routine operations off Virginia while awaiting final word from the
Pentagon. If the need arises, the Navy could dispatch its fourth
carrier  group - a third of its total carrier fleet - to the Persian
Gulf area.

"We're ready. We'll be safe. God bless America," a Kennedy officer said
over the carrier's public address system as the ship left port.

The guided-missile cruisers USS Thomas S. Gates and USS San Jacinto
also left Norfolk Wednesday.

Jeff Taylor, a sonar technician, waved goodbye to his wife, Marge, and
two children from the deck of the Gates. "I don't like leaving my
family," he said, but quickly added, "I'm pretty confident in what
we're going to do."

Family members said many sailors just returned from sea duty last week
when they learned the Kennedy group would be leaving. They said not
knowing the date of the sailors' return made this deployment more

"It's just kind of, 'We're going, we don't know where,' "said Marge

A steady stream of ships has been moving out of Norfolk since President
Bush ordered the military mobilization to the Middle East.

Other ships leaving Norfolk with the Kennedy were the guided-missile
cruiser USS Mississippi and combat stores ship USS Sylvania, the
destroyer USS Moosbrugger, of Charleston, S.C.; guided-missile frigate
USS Samuel B. Roberts of Newport, R.I., which was damaged in 1988 by a
mine in the Persian Gulf, and the fast-combat support ship USS Seattle,
of Earle, N.J.

The hospital ship USNS Comfort, one of the first hospital vessels
mobilized since the Vietnam war, left Norfolk on Tuesday.

On Monday, 13 ships from Norfolk-based Amphibious Group Two began
leaving to pick up the 4th Marine Expeditionary Brigade. The ships are
picking up thousands of Marines in Morehead City, N.C., as part of a
rapid deployment to Saudi Arabia.

The dock landing ships USS Gunston Hall and USS Portland, as well as
the USS Trenton, an amphibious transport dock, all have sailed from
Norfolk to pick up Marines.


MOSCOW (AUG. 15) UPI -  Iraq has agreed to allow Soviet women and
children to leave the country by a tortuous overland route, but male
workers are  not being allowed out, the Soviet Foreign Ministry said

Foreign Ministry spokesman Yuri Gremitskikh said the long distances and
desert heat of 113 degrees will make the evacuation from Baghdad to
Jordan difficult.

He said the Iraqis had agreed to allow the women, children and ill
people among the estimated 9,000 Soviet citizens in Iraq and Kuwait to
leave the country, but only over land rather than by the easier air or
sea routes.

"Under conditions set by Iraqi authorities ... men are staying in
Iraq," he said. "They didn't give any reason."

Asked if he felt the Soviet men in Iraq were being held hostage,
Gremitskikh responded: "I do not want to use that word, hostage, since
hostage has a very specific notion.

"And we hope that Iraq does not consider our citizens as hostages."

Iraq has also reportedly refused to allow Americans and other
Westerners to leave the country until the Persian Gulf crisis is

"You may compare our situation with the situation of other nations,"
Gremitskikh said.

The Foreign Ministry spokesman also announced Wednesday that the Soviet
Union sent special envoy Mikhail Sytenko to the Middle East in a
continued diplomatic effort to solve the crisis sparked by Iraq's
invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

Sytenko, who left the Soviet Union Tuesday, will meet Iraqi leaders in
Baghdad as part of his tour of the area that will also include Syria,
Jordan and Egypt.

"(The visit) goes along with the Soviet Union's efforts to stop the
escalation of tensions in the region," Gremitskikh said.

The spokesman said the Soviet Union had not decided how to respond to
Iraq's demand that all foreign embassies in Kuwait be closed by Aug.

"There is an international legal aspect to the problem," Gremitskikh
said, adding that if countries closed their embassies in Kuwait it
might be seen as "silent agreement to the annexation by Iraq."

"No specific decisions have been made," he said.

He repeated the Soviet Union's stand that the U.N. Security Council's
military staff committee should take an active role in determining how
to enforce economic sanctions against Iraq, but refused to say if
Moscow supported a U.N. military force.

"It has been suggested that the military staff committee of the
Security Council could play a certain role in the implementation of the
resolution of the General Assembly with respect to sanctions against
Iraq," he said.

"As regards the idea concerning the establishment or non-establishment
of a multi-national force, we believe the issue should be resolved
within the framework of the Security Council," he said. "We are ready
to participate in discussions of this idea."

The Soviet Union sent two warships to the Persian Gulf area after the
Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, but Gremitskikh said Wednesday they were
there to protect Soviet shipping and the Soviet Union does not plan to
participate in a U.S.-led blockade of Iraq.
>From maeder  Wed Aug 15 16:04:36 1990
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Message-Id: <9008152104.AA19757 at>
Date: Wed, 15 Aug 90 16:04:32 CDT
From: maeder
To: swolf
Subject: Variables
Cc: rivin

Here is the description of what is a variable.
Actually it is easier to say which things are not variables:

- numbers and strings are not variables

- sums and products are not variables

- integer powers are not variables

anything else is a variable.

It would make sense to leave Kelly's predicate VariableQ[] in the system.
This way, one could test whether an expression is legal as a variable,
in the same way that the internal code verifies the variables
(e.g. in D[], Coefficient[]). Here is the proposed definition:

VariableQ[expr] return True, if expr can be used as a variable.

The description of PolynomialQ in the book (3.3.2) should be clarified
the first example is wrong (the description, not the result)

These are the cases to talk about:

basic case:

In[1]:= PolynomialQ[x+1, x]

Out[1]= True

This returns True, since x+y is a polynomial in x (with coefficients
being polynomials in y):

In[2]:= PolynomialQ[x + y, x]

Out[2]= True

This can be treated as a polynomial (in f[x]), so it says true:

In[3]:= PolynomialQ[f[x]]

Out[3]= True

It is however not a polynomial in x:

In[4]:= PolynomialQ[f[x], x]

Out[4]= False

>From uunet!LANL.GOV!tsutomu%no-sense  Wed Aug 15 16:28:12 1990
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From: uunet!LANL.GOV!tsutomu%no-sense (Tsutomu Shimomura)
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To: ebneter at, swolf at
Subject: mathematica vs. HP calculator

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