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Mathematica, ARPACK and implicit matrices

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  • Subject: [mg96562] Mathematica, ARPACK and implicit matrices
  • From: Fernando Cucchietti <Fernando.Cucchietti at>
  • Date: Mon, 16 Feb 2009 06:59:21 -0500 (EST)
  • References: <> <>

I am trying to find the largest eigenvalue and associated eigenvector  
of a very large matrix, mildly sparse but without a simple structure  
-- that is, zero elements are arranged in a seemingly random way.

Mathematica uses ARPACK routines for this task. However, it appears  
that it wants to construct the matrix explicitly before starting. This  
is strange when compared to how ARPACK works, and in fact it is the  
one thing I was trying to avoid doing: Writing down the matrix takes  
too much memory and time, even if it is sparse.

ARPACK is designed to require not the matrix, but just a function that  
gives the result of multiplying the matrix with an arbitrary vector. I  
call this an implicit definition of the matrix, hence the subject of  
the email. This would work very well with me since I have a compact  
expression of the matrix in the form of a function that returns the  
product with a vector, and I would not need to define the array  

I have been looking but I cannot find an option or a way to make  
Mathematica give me the eigenvalues without writing the matrix  
explicitly, any suggestions?

Fernando Cucchietti

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