Re: Speeding Up Known Integrations

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg120978] Re: Speeding Up Known Integrations
• From: Daniel Lichtblau <danl at wolfram.com>
• Date: Sat, 20 Aug 2011 06:16:19 -0400 (EDT)
• Delivered-to: l-mathgroup@mail-archive0.wolfram.com
• References: <201108191034.GAA24006@smc.vnet.net>

```On 08/19/2011 05:34 AM, Sean Violante wrote:
> I have a large collection of iterated integrals to evaluate.
> These are basically sums of terms of the form.
>
>    t_1^n1 E^{ k1 t_1}]    t_2^n2 E^{ k2 t_2}  t_3^n3 E^{ k3 t_3}
>
> Is there any way of speeding up this evaluation?  I was wondering
> whether gathering up terms in the above form, and then applying the
> integral to each would work out faster, or is this effectively what
> Integrate is doing anyway?
>
> If faster, how would you suggest gathering up terms?
> I have tried a few simple things eg  multiplying by exp[n (k+c)W0t2]
> ( where n is the largest negative power of Exp[ k t] and Exp [c t] ie so
> expression  becomes polynomial)
> and then using CoefficientList [ %,{W0t2, e^k W0t2, e^c W0t2} ]
> However, I never quite manage to pull out all the exponential terms
>
>
> Sean
>
> below is an example ( where Integrate1 will be replaced by integrate).
> It takes about 100 seconds on my machine.
>    Integrate1[
>      1/StdF1[t] \[ExponentialE]^(-t \[Kappa] +
>         2 W0t2 \[Kappa]) (VC0 + \[ExponentialE]^(-c W0t2)
>            VCC + \[ExponentialE]^(-W0t2 \[Kappa])
>            VCK)^2 Integrate1[\[ExponentialE]^(
>          W0t1 \[Kappa]) (VC0 + \[ExponentialE]^(-c W0t1)
>              VCC + \[ExponentialE]^(-W0t1 \[Kappa])
>              VCK) \[Rho] ((\[ExponentialE]^(-t \[Kappa] +
>              W0t1 \[Kappa]) (VpC0 + \[ExponentialE]^(-c W0t1)
>                 VpCC) \[Kappa] Subscript[a, 1] Subscript[\[Xi], 2])/(
>            c StdF1[t] - \[Kappa] StdF1[t]) + (\[ExponentialE]^(-c t +
>              c W0t1) (VpC0 + \[ExponentialE]^(-c W0t1)
>                 VpCC) \[Kappa] Subscript[a, 1] Subscript[\[Xi],
>             2])/(-c StdF1[t] + \[Kappa] StdF1[
>               t]) + (\[ExponentialE]^(-c t +
>              c W0t1) (VpC0 + \[ExponentialE]^(-c W0t1) VpCC) Subscript[
>             a, 2] Subscript[\[Xi], 2])/StdF1[t]), {W0t1, 0,
>          W0t2}] Subscript[a, 1] Subscript[\[Xi], 1], {W0t2, 0, t}] \!
> \*SubsuperscriptBox[\(\[Xi]\), \(1\), \(2\)] /.

This did not parse correctly when I tried to cut and paste it into
Mathematica. Below is what I think was intended, with Greek and
subscripted items renamed to similar in straight ascii. What seems to
give better speed is to expand the integrand, and map the integration
over that sum.

In[86]:= integrand =
Expand[E^(W0t1*kappa)*(VC0 + VCC/E^(c*W0t1) + VCK/E^(W0t1*kappa))*
rho*((E^((-t)*kappa + W0t1*kappa)*(VpC0 + VpCC/E^(c*W0t1))*
kappa*a1*
eps2)/(c*StdF1[t] - kappa*StdF1[t]) +
(E^((-c)*t + c*W0t1)*(VpC0 + VpCC/E^(c*W0t1))*kappa*a1*
eps2)/
((-c)*StdF1[t] + kappa*StdF1[t]) +
(E^((-c)*t + c*W0t1)*(VpC0 + VpCC/E^(c*W0t1))*a2*eps2)/
StdF1[t])*a1*eps1];

In[87]:= Timing[
result = Map[
Integrate[#, {W0t1, 0, W0t2}, {W0t2, 0, t},
Assumptions -> {0 < W0t2 < t}] &, integrand];]

Out[87]= {5.88, Null}

If you have conditions on the various variables (positivity, etc.) then
adding those to the Assumptions might improve speed further. Or maybe
not, but worth experimenting with if possible.

Daniel Lichtblau
Wolfram Research

```

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