Re: Problems with DistributionFitTest

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg122591] Re: Problems with DistributionFitTest
• From: Andy Ross <andyr at wolfram.com>
• Date: Wed, 2 Nov 2011 06:23:12 -0500 (EST)
• Delivered-to: l-mathgroup@mail-archive0.wolfram.com
• References: <201111010502.AAA14754@smc.vnet.net>

```This is exactly what you might expect.  The p-value from a hypothesis
test is itself a random variable. Under the null hypothesis the p-value

In your case, the null hypothesis is that the data have been drawn from
a normal distribution. What that p-value is really saying is that about
3% of the time you can expect to get a test statistic like the one you
obtained or one even more extreme.

Andy Ross
Wolfram Research

On 11/1/2011 12:02 AM, fd wrote:
> Dear Group
>
> I'm not a specialist in statistics, but I spoke to one who found this
> behaviour dubious.
>
> Before using DistributionFitTest I was doing some tests with the
> normal distribution, like this
>
> data = RandomVariate[NormalDistribution[], 10000];
>
> DistributionFitTest[data]
>
> 0.0312946
>
> According to the documentation "A small p-value suggests that it is
> unlikely that the data came from dist", and that the test assumes the
> data is normally distributed
>
> I found this result for the p-value to be really low, if I re-run the
> code I often get what I would expect (a number greater than 0.5) but
> it is not at all rare to obtain p values smaller than 0.05 and even
> smaller. Through multiple re-runs I notice it fluctuates by orders of
> magnitude.
>
> The statistician I consulted with found this weird since the data was
> drawn from a a normal distribution and the sample size is big,
> especially because the Pearson X2 test also fluctuates like this:
>
> H=DistributionFitTest[data, Automatic, "HypothesisTestData"];
>
> H["TestDataTable", All]
>
> Is this a real issue?
>
> Any thougths
>
> Best regards
> Felipe
>
>
>
>

```

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