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RE: mean of geometric and negative binomial distributions

It is a matter of definition. Most sources define the geometric distribution as the waiting time for the occurrence of a binomial event, i.e., the number of trials up to and including the first "success". In this case the expected value is 1/p. However, Mathematica uses the definition "number of trials before the first success", and then the expected value is (1 - p)/p. Here the number of trials is one less than in the former case, and then the expected value is equal to 1/p - 1 = (1 - p)/p. A similar reasoning provides the answer for the negative binomial distribution (which is the distribution of a sum of independent and identically distributed geometric random variables). 

Tomas Garza
Mexico City (temporarily in Barcelona)

Gareth Russell wrote:
Can anyone tell me why Mathematica returns (1-p)/p for Mean[
GeometricDistribution[p]] and n(1-p)/p for Mean[NegativeBinomialDistribution[
p]], when all sources I have to hand (such as CRC Standard Mathematical 
Formulae) give these as 1/p and n/p respectively? The variance expressions 
agree with CRC, it's just the means that are different. 

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