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Problem with context creation in packages

  • To: mathgroup at
  • Subject: [mg30456] Problem with context creation in packages
  • From: "Emilio Martin-Serrano Sobrino" <emilio.martin at>
  • Date: Wed, 22 Aug 2001 01:41:53 -0400 (EDT)
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at


I am trying to load two packages with the following headings:

1 ->

2 ->  BeginPackage["Islm`ISLMFunctions`","Utilities`ISLMmodel`","Islm`

When I invoke these packages within a notebook I get this

In[1] :=   Needs["Islm`EquilibriumStageTransitionISLM`"]
Out[1]:= Needs::nocont: Context Islm`EquilibriumStageTransitionISLM` was not
created when Needs was evaluated.

In[2]:=    Needs["Islm`ISLMFunctions`"]
Out[2]:= Needs::nocont: Context Islm`EquilibriumStageTransitionISLM` was not
created when Needs was evaluated.

However, if I execute


I can see that all the symbols in the package have been created, (and the
same for In[7]:= ?Islm`ISLMFunctions`*    )

And, If I execute

In[8]:= $ContextPath
`, ............}

Which tells me the target context names have been put in the ContextPath.
(Why so, if the context has not been created?)

Then, I check all the functions and symbols in these packages and all them
(but two) seem to work perfectly. The two symbols that do not work are in
the package  *Islm`ISLMFunctions*  and they use two symbols imported from
the package *Islm`EquilibriumStageTrasitionISLM* (remember, it is the one
whose context was no created). And this seems to be the reason why these two
symbols do not work, since the imported symbols from the package
*Islm`EquilibriumStageTrasitionISLM* are re-declared as private in the
package *Islm`ISLMFunctions*.  I think this re-declaration `informs`  that
the imported symbol has not been found  because the corresponding context
does not actually exist.

The two packages *Islm`EquilibriumStageTrasitionISLM`* and
*Islm`ISLMFunctions`* use symbols and functions in equivalent syntactical
positions to the one that is re-declared, but these symbols that work ok
come from the other packages, and everything goes OK.

Of course, I did not get any other error message o warnings on syntactical

Could anyone give a clue on the apparent contradiction.

Emilio Martin-Serrano

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